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United States Fifteenth Amendment

Guided Research Tools

Summary Visualize View

A guide to finding information in committee timelines, about particular documents, or about particular individuals

Help with searching

If you are looking for a particular phrase within the written texts considered by this negotiation, you can search for moments when this phrase was introduced for consideration or decided upon. This is often the most helpful starting-point for legal research.

Alternatively, you may wish to search the descriptions of each event within this negotiation. This will not search for phrases under consideration, but rather the text of the various minutes upon which this edition of the negotiation is based.

Document list view

You can discover the complete list of documents considered by the negotiation (and find where they were introduced) on The Convention Document Map.

If you are interested only in the documents as they appeared at the end of the negotiation (with any rejected documents removed), you can use the The Convention Current Document Library.

Individual & Delegation view

You can browse the contributions by individuals or delegations to this negotiation using the relevant visualization

Individuals

Joseph C. Abbott George M. Adams William B. Allison Oakes Ames George W. Anderson Henry B. Anthony Stevenson Archer Samuel M. Arnell Delos R. Ashley James M. Ashley Samuel B. Axtell Alexander H. Bailey Jehu Baker John D. Baldwin Nathaniel P. Banks Demas Barnes William H. Barnum Coles Bashford Isaac Bassett James A. Bayard Fernando C. Beaman John Beatty James B. Beck John F. Benjamin Jacob Benton John A. Bingham W. Jasper Blackburn James G. Blaine Austin Blair Thomas Boles George S. Boutwell C. C. Bowen Nathaniel Boyden Benjamin M. Boyer Rev. C. B. Boynton Henry P. H. Bromwell James Brooks John M. Broomall George T. Brown John Y. Brown Charles R. Buckalew Ralph P. Buckland Charles W. Buckley Walter A. Burleigh Albert G. Burr Benjamin F. Butler Roderick R. Butler Otis S. Buxton Henry L. Cake John B. Callis Simon Cameron Samuel F. Cary Alexander G. Cattell James M. Cavanaugh Zachariah Chandler John W. Chanler J. Francisco Chaves George M. Chilcott John C. Churchill D. W. C. Clarke Reader W. Clarke Sidney Clarke Charles P. Clever Joseph W. Clift Amasa Cobb John Coburn Cornelius Cole Schuyler Colfax Roscoe Conkling John Conness Burton C. Cook Daniel Corbett Henry W. Corbett M. Simeon Corley Thomas Cornell John Covode Aaron H. Cragin Shelby M. Cullom Garrett Davis Henry L. Dawes Columbus Delano Charles Denison John T. Deweese Oliver J. Dickey James Dixon Nathan F. Dixon Oliver H. Dockery Grenville M. Dodge Ignatius L. Donnelly James R. Doolittle Charles D. Drake John F. Driggs Ephraim R. Eckley George F. Edmunds William P. Edwards Benjamin Eggleston Jacob H. Ela Charles A. Eldredge Thomas D. Eliot James T. Elliott John F. Farnsworth Orange Ferriss Orris S. Ferry Thomas W. Ferry William P. Fessenden William C. Fields Darwin A. Finney Alvan Flanders John W. Forney Joseph S. Fowler
John Fox Frederick T. Frelinghuysen John R. French James A. Garfield J. Lawrence Getz Adam J. Glossbrenner Jacob Golladay George C. Gorham James H. Goss Samuel F. Gove Joseph J. Gravely Rev. Edgar H. Gray James W. Grimes John Augustus Griswold Asa Grover James Guthrie Charles Haight George A. Halsey Charles M. Hamilton Cornelius S. Hamilton Abner C. Harding James Harlan John S. Harris Thomas Haughey Isaac R. Hawkins Rutherford B. Hayes David Heaton John B. Henderson Thomas A. Hendricks William Higby John Hill James M. Hinds Elijah Hise Edward D. Holbrook William S. Holman Samuel Hooper William H. Hooper Benjamin F. Hopkins Julius Hotchkiss Jacob M. Howard Timothy O. Howe Asahel W. Hubbard Chester D. Hubbard Richard D. Hubbard Calvin T. Hulburd James M. Humphrey Morton C. Hunter Ebon C. Ingersoll Thomas Jenckes Andrew Johnson James A. Johnson Reverdy Johnson Alexander H. Jones Thomas L. Jones Norman B. Judd George W. Julian William D. Kelley Francis W. Kellogg William P. Kellogg William H. Kelsey Michael C. Kerr John H. Ketcham William S. King Bethuel M. Kitchen J. Proctor Knott William H. Koontz Addison H. Laflin Israel G. Lash George V. Lawrence William Lawrence William S. Lincoln Charles E. Lippincott Benjamin F. Loan John A. Logan William Loughridge John Lynch Rufus Mallory James Mann Samuel S. Marshall James M. Marvin Horace Maynard Dennis McCarthy Joseph W. McClurg James M. McCormick Thomas C. McCreery Hiram McCullough Alexander McDonald William J. McDonald Samuel McKee Edward McPherson Ulysses Mercur George F. Miller Colonel William G. Moore William Moore James K. Moorhead Edwin D. Morgan George W. Morgan Daniel J. Morrell Justin S. Morrill Lot M. Morrill John Morrissey Oliver P. Morton James Mullins William Mungen Leonard Myers Carman A. Newcomb Joseph P. Newsham William E. Niblack John A. Nicholson Thomas E. Noell
Benjamin W. Norris Daniel S. Norton David A. Nunn James W. Nye Charles O'Neill N. G. Ordway Godlove S. Orth Thomas W. Osborn Halbert E. Paine David T. Patterson James W. Patterson Sidney Perham John A. Peters S. Newton Pettis Charles E. Phelps Charles W. Pierce Frederick A. Pike William A. Pile Tobias A. Plants Luke P. Poland Daniel Polsley Samuel C. Pomeroy Theodore M. Pomeroy John Pool Hiram Price Charles H. Prince John V. L. Pruyn Alexander Ramsey Samuel J. Randall Green B. Raum Benjamin F. Rice George R. Riddle Thomas J. Robertson William H. Robertson William E. Robinson Logan H. Roots Edmund G. Ross Lewis W. Ross Willard Saulsbury Frederick A. Sawyer Philetus Sawyer Robert C. Schenck Glenni W. Scofield Lewis Selye John P. C. Shanks Samuel Shellabarger John Sherman Charles Sitgreaves Worthington C. Smith Rufus P. Spalding George E. Spencer William Sprague Henry H. Starkweather Aaron F. Stevens Thaddeus Stevens Thomas E. Stewart William M. Stewart William B. Stokes Frederick Stone John H. Stover Charles Sumner J. Hale Sypher Stephen Taber John Taffe Caleb N. Taylor John M. Thayer Francis Thomas Nelson Tift Thomas W. Tipton John Trimble Lawrence S. Trimble Rowland E. Trowbridge Lyman Trumbull Ginery Twichell Charles Upson Henry H. Van Aernam Daniel M. Van Auken Burt Van Horn Robert T. Van Horn Philadelph Van Trump Peter G. Van Winkle Charles H. Van Wyck George Vickers Michel Vidal Benjamin Wade Hamilton Ward Sr. Willard Warner Cadwalader C. Washburn Henry D. Washburn William B. Washburn Elihu B. Washburne Adonijah Welch Martin Welker B. Frank Whittemore William P. Whyte Waitman T. Willey George H. Williams Thomas Williams William Williams (IN) Henry Wilson James F. Wilson John T. Wilson Stephen F. Wilson William Windom Fernando Wood Frederick E. Woodbridge George W. Woodward Richard Yates Pierce M. B. Young

Other available views

The following screens help to orientate you by visualizing the work of the Convention in different ways:

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