The Senate

The Senate of the Thirty-Eighth Session of Congress

United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65

An amendment to the United States Constitution to abolish slavery introduced during the American Civil War.

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Membership (52 members):


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Sessions (56)

First day of Senate business; Senators elect present credentials and are sworn in; Committee to Wait on the President appointed.

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Discussion of Robert Wilson's claim; President Lincoln informed that a quorum of the Senate has assembled; notice of President Lincoln's address to Congress.

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President Lincoln's Annual Message to Congress and the Emancipation Proclamation are laid on the table and printed.

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Hon. B. Gratz Brown of Missouri joins the Senate; standing committees of the Senate announced.

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Mr. Davis submits Resolutions on the Constitution and Government, accusing the President of tyranny and military despotism, which are printed and laid on the table.

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Mr. Carlile offers Resolutions on the Nature of the Government.

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S. 45 is first introduced; S. Res. 16 is first introduced; Senator Lemuel J. Bowden's death is announced.

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Mr. Sumner submits a Resolution to Create a Committee on Slavery and Freedmen, which is adopted.

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The Select Committee on Slavery and Freedmen is appointed.

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S. 45 is referred to the Committee on Territories.

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Hon. Thomas Holliday Hicks joins the Senate.

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Messrs. Bayard and Richardson take the oath of office.

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Mr. Wilkinson submits a Resolution on the Colonization of Persons of African Descent from the District of Columbia, which is adopted by unanimous consent.

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Hon. James A. Bayard resigns from the Senate; Hon. George Read Riddle's credentials read.

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Hon. George R. Riddle joins the Senate.

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Mr. Johnson is appointed to fill the vacancy in the Committee on the Judiciary.

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S. 45 is reported from the Committee on Territories with amendments.

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Hon. James W. Grimes' credentials are adopted; S. Res. 24 and S. Res. 25 are first introduced and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary; S. 99 is first introduced and referred to the Committee on Slavery and Freedmen; Mr. Sumner submits Resolutions on Emancipation and Liberty.

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S. 11 is first introduced and referred to the Committee on Slavery and Freedmen; S. Res. 16 is reported from the Committee on the Judiciary with amendments.

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S. 45 is taken up and made the special order for Tuesday next.

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The Senate agrees to consider S. 45 in Committee of the Whole.

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S. 123 is first introduced and referred to the Committee on Slavery and Freedmen; S. Res. 16 is taken up and made the special order for Monday next; Mr. Sumner gives notice of an amendment to S. Res. 16, which is printed.

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S. 99 is reported from the Committee on Slavery and Freedmen without amendment.

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S. 159 is reported from the Committee on Slavery and Freedmen and passes to a second reading; a message from the Governor of Virginia announces the passing of an ordinance to abolish slavery.

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A message from the President on the colonization of persons of African descent referred to the Committee on Slavery and Freedmen.

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S. 169 is first introduced and referred to the Committee on Territories.

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S. Res. 16 is taken up and made the special order for Wednesday next.

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S. 188 is reported by the Committee on Slavery and Freedmen and passes to a second reading.

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The Senate agrees to consider S. Res. 16 in Committee of the Whole.

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S. 209 is first introduced and referred to the Committee on Claims; the Senate agree to consider S. Res. 16 in Committee of the Whole.

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S. Res. 16 is reported from the Committee of the Whole, with amendments, and debated.

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S. Res. 16 is debated.

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S. Res. 16 is debated and amendments are proposed to it before it is finally passed.

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H. R. is introduced into the Senate after being passed by the House and referred to the Committee on Territories.

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Rev. Dr. Thomas Bowman is elected Senate chaplain; S. Res. 25 is reported by the Committee on the Judiciary, who ask to be discharged from its consideration; S. 169 is reported favorably by the Committee on Territories, and the Senate agree to consider it in Committee of the Whole.

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S. Res. 57 is reported from the Committee on the District of Columbia and the Senate agree to consider it in Committee of the Whole.

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H. R. 244 is reported from the Committee on Territories with amendments; Mr. Sumner submits a Resolution on the Readmission of Rebel States, which is laid on the table.

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S. Res. 57 is reported from the Committee of the Whole with amendments; it is debated and various amendments are proposed to it before it is finally passed.

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Message is sent to the House on the passage of S. Res. 57.

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The credentials of Hon. Elisha Baxter are laid on the table; a message from the House announces that they have concurred in passing S. Res. 57.

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S. Res. 57 as enrolled signed by the Speaker of the House and the President pro Tempore of the Senate.

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S. Res. 57 is signed by President Lincoln.

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S. 209 is reported adversely from the Committee on Claims.

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Mr. Sumner's Resolution on the Readmission of Rebel States is referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.

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Mr. Sumner's Resolution on the Readmission of Rebel States is reported adversely from the Committee on the Judiciary.

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The Senate refuses to postpone prior orders and proceed to the consideration of H. R. 244.

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The Senate refuses to postpone prior orders and proceed to the consideration of H. R. 244.

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The Senate debate the order of business; H. R. 244 is reported from Committee of the Whole with amendments; it is debated and amendments are proposed to it before it is finally passed.

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The House disagree to the Senate's amendment to H. R. 244; the Senate agrees to recede from its amendment and pass H. R. 244 as originally reported by the House.

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H. R. 244 as enrolled is signed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President pro Tempore of the Senate.

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Message received from the House on the enrollment and signing of S. Res. 16.

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