United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866

An amendment to the Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal rights, both civil and legal, to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated by the thirteenth amendment.

Massachusetts Delegation

This is one of the 41 delegations in the convention, accounting for 13 of 275 people who took part.

Members (13):

Name Visualize Details Delegations
John B. Alley Visualize (7 January, 1817 -- 19 January, 1896) Alley was an American shoemaker, businessman, and politician. Born in Lynn, Essex County, Mass., Alley was at the age of fourteen apprenticed as a shoemaker, however, he was released at nineteen. In 1838, Alley entered the shoe manufacturing business. Alley was a member of the State senate in 1852 and was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-sixth and to the three succeeding Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Massachusetts Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Massachusetts Delegation (This negotiation)
Oakes Ames Visualize (10 January, 1804 -- 8 May, 1873) Ames was an American businessman and politician. He was born in Easton, Mass. and elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth and to the four succeeding Congresses. Ames was censured by the House of Representatives in 1873 for “seeking to procure congressional attention to the affairs of a corporation in which he was interested.” [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Massachusetts Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Massachusetts Delegation (This negotiation) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
John D. Baldwin Visualize (28 September, 1809 -- 8 July, 1883) Baldwin was an American preacher and politician. Born in North Stonington, Conn., Baldwin began to study law but discontinued to study Theology instead. Baldwin was licensed to preach by 1834 and member of the State house of representatives (1847-1852). After moving to Massachusetts, Baldwin was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth, and Fortieth Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Massachusetts Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Massachusetts Delegation (This negotiation) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
Nathaniel P. Banks Visualize "(January 30 , 1816 -- September 1, 1894). Nathanial Prentice Banks was a machinist, editor, clerk, lawyer, governor, soldier, vice president of a railroad company, U.S. Marshall, public servant, and American politician. Banks was born in Waltham, Massachusetts. He was an editor of a weekly paper in Waltham, Massachusetts and a clerk in the customhouse in Boston. Banks studied law and was admitted to the Suffolk County bar. He was a member of the State house of representatives (1849 - 1852) where he served as speaker for two years and was a member of the State constitutional convention of 1853. He was governor of Massachusetts (January 1858 - January 1861) and was vice president of the Illinois Central Railroad. Banks was a major general of Volunteers in the Union Army (may 16, 1861) when he was honorably mustered out August 24, 1865. He also served as a member of the State senate in 1874 and was appointed a U.S. marshal (March 11, 1879 - April 23, 1888). He was elected as a Democrat to the 33rd Congress, candidate of the American Party to the 34th Congress, and as a Republican to the 35th Congress (March 4, 1853 - December 24, 1857) when he resigned to become governor. He served as the Speaker of the House of Representatives in the 34th Congress. He was elected as a Republican to the 39th congress to fill the vacancy by the resignation of Daniel Gooch, and was reelected as a Republican to the 40th, 41st, and 42nd Congresses. He was an unsuccessful Liberal and Democratic candidate to the 43rd Congress. He was elected as an Independent to the 44th Congress and as a Republican to the 45th Congress (March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1879). He was no re-elected to the 46th Congress. He was then elected as a Republican to the 51st Congress (March 4, 1889- March 3, 1891) where he served as Chairman on the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of the Interior. He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1890 to the 52nd Congress. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United states Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=B000116]" Massachusetts Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Massachusetts Delegation (This negotiation)
George S. Boutwell Visualize (28 January, 1818 -- 27 February, 1905) Boutwell was an American businessman, lawyer, and politician. Born in Brookline, Mass., Boutwell was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for election to both Congress and the governorship on several occasions between 1844 and 1850. From 1851-1852 Boutwell was the governor of Massachusetts and was a member of the State constitutional convention in 1853. Boutwell was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth and to the three succeeding Congresses and served from March 4th, 1863 to March 12th, 1869, when he resigned. After serving as Secretary of the Treasury for President Ulysses Grant (1869-1873), Boutwell was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Henry Wilson and served from March 17th, 1873 until March 3rd, 1877. Boutwell went on to be the first President of the American Anti-Imperialist League. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Massachusetts Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Massachusetts Delegation (This negotiation) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
Henry L. Dawes Visualize (30 October, 1816 -- 5 February, 1903) Dawes was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Cummington, Mass., Dawes studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1842. Dawes was a member of the State house of representatives (1848-1849, 1852), the State senate (1850), and the State constitutional convention (1853). Dawes was elected to the Thirty-fifth and to the eight succeeding Congresses and was then elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1875; he was reelected in 1881 and again in 1887 serving from March 4th, 1875 to March 3rd, 1893. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Massachusetts Delegation (United States Nineteenth Amendment and Edmunds Tucker Act) , Massachusetts Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Massachusetts Delegation (This negotiation) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
Thomas D. Eliot Visualize (20 March, 1808 -- 14 June, 1870) Eliot was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Boston, Mass., Eliot studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1831. Eliot was elected as a Whig to the Thirty-third Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Zeno Scudder and served from April 17th, 1854 to March 3rd, 1855. Later, after declining various opportunities for candidacy, Eliot was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-sixth and to the four succeeding Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Massachusetts Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Massachusetts Delegation (This negotiation) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
Daniel W. Gooch Visualize (8 January, 1820 -- 11 November, 1891) Gooch was an American lawyer and politician. Born in York County, Maine, Gooch studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1846, commencing practice in Boston. Gooch was a member of the State house of representatives (1852), the State constitutional convention (1853), and was later elected as a Republican to the Thirty-fifth Congress to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of Nathaniel P. Banks. Gooch was reelected to the four succeeding Congresses and served from January 21st, 1858 to September 1st, 1865. Gooch was later elected to the Forty-third Congress, however, he did not win any subsequent reelection bid. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Massachusetts Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Massachusetts Delegation (This negotiation)
Samuel Hooper Visualize (3 February, 1808 -- 14 February, 1875) Hooper was an American businessman and politician. Born in Marblehead, Mass., Hooper traveled extensively until 1832, when Hooper engaged in business in Boston. Hooper was a member of the State house of representatives (1851-1853) and the State senate (1858). Hooper was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-seventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William Appleton and was subsequently reelected to the Thirty-eighth and to the five succeeding Congresses serving from December 2nd, 1861 until his death. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Massachusetts Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Massachusetts Delegation (This negotiation) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
Alexander H. Rice Visualize (30 August, 1818 -- 22 July, 1895) Rice was an American paper manufacturer and politician. Born in Newton Lower Falls, Mass., Rice worked in the paper business until elected as mayor in 1856 and 1857. Rice was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-sixth and to the three succeeding Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Massachusetts Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Massachusetts Delegation (This negotiation)
Charles Sumner Visualize (6 January, 1811 -- 13 March, 1874) Sumner was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Boston, Mass., Sumner studied at Harvard Law and was admitted to the bar in 1834. Sumner was one of the founders of the Free Soil party (1848) and was elected to the United States Senate in 1851 as a Free Soiler, reelected as a Republican in 1857, 1863, and 1869 and served from April 24th, 1851 until his death. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Massachusetts Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Massachusetts Delegation (This negotiation) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
William B. Washburn Visualize (31 January, 1820 -- 5 October, 1887) Washburn was an American politician. Born in Winchendon, Worcester County, Mass., Washburn was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth and to the four succeeding Congresses and served from March 4th, 1863 to December 5th, 1871 when he was elected governor (1872-1874). After his resignation, Washburn was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Charles Sumner and served from April 17th, 1874 to March 3th, 1875. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Massachusetts Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Massachusetts Delegation (This negotiation) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
Henry Wilson Visualize (16 February, 1812 -- 22 November, 1875) Wilson was an American shoemaker and politician who was Vice President of the United States from 1873 to 1875. Born "Jeremiah Jones Colbath" in Farmington, N.H., Wilson had his name legally changed in 1833 and moved to Massachusetts to work in the shoe-making trade. Wilson was a delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1853 and was elected on January 31, 1855 to the United States Senate by a coalition of Free Soilers, Americans, Conscience Whigs, and Democrats to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Edward Everett, and soon after aligned with new Republican party. Wilson was reelected in 1859, 1865, and 1871, serving from January 31st, 1855 to March 3rd, 1873. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Massachusetts Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Massachusetts Delegation (This negotiation) , Massachusetts Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)