United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866

An amendment to the Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal rights, both civil and legal, to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated by the thirteenth amendment.

George S. Boutwell

Quill platform ID: p4471.

(28 January, 1818 -- 27 February, 1905) Boutwell was an American businessman, lawyer, and politician. Born in Brookline, Mass., Boutwell was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for election to both Congress and the governorship on several occasions between 1844 and 1850. From 1851-1852 Boutwell was the governor of Massachusetts and was a member of the State constitutional convention in 1853. Boutwell was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth and to the three succeeding Congresses and served from March 4th, 1863 to March 12th, 1869, when he resigned. After serving as Secretary of the Treasury for President Ulysses Grant (1869-1873), Boutwell was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Henry Wilson and served from March 17th, 1873 until March 3rd, 1877. Boutwell went on to be the first President of the American Anti-Imperialist League. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp]

Member of Massachusetts Delegation—United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Massachusetts Delegation—United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65, Massachusetts Delegation—United States Fifteenth Amendment.

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