United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866

An amendment to the Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal rights, both civil and legal, to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated by the thirteenth amendment.

Illinois Delegation

This is one of the 41 delegations in the convention, accounting for 16 of 275 people who took part.

Members (16):

Name Visualize Details Delegations
Jehu Baker Visualize "(November 4, 1822 -- March 1, 1901) Jehu Baker was a lawyer, and American politician. Jehu baker was born near Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky and moved to Lebanon, Illinois in 1829. Jehu studied law at the McKendree College at Lebanon and was admitted to the bar in 1846. He was the master in chancery of St. Clair County (1861-1865). Baker was also a United States Minister to Venezuela and a Minister Resident and Consul General. Baker was elected as a Republican to the 39th and 40th Congresses from March 4, 1865 to March 3, 1869 where he was on the Committee on Expenditures in the Post Office Department (39th) and Committee on Education and Labor (40th). He was elected again as a Republican to the 50th Congress from March 4, 1887 to March 3, 1889. Was not reelected in 1888 to the 51st Congress. Elected as a Democrat to the 55th congress from March 4, 1897 - March 3, 1899. He declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1898 to the 56th Congress. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774- Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=B000066]" Illinois Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Illinois Delegation (This negotiation)
Henry P. H. Bromwell Visualize "(August 26, 1823 - January 7, 1903) Henry Pelham Holmes Bromwell was an instructor, lawyer, editor, and American politician. Bromwell was born in Baltimore, Maryland and moved to Charleston, Coles County, Illinois in 1857. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1853. He took a major role in the founding and building of the Republican Party. He was a delegate to the State Constitutional Convention in 1870. He was a president of the Denver School Board (1871-1874) and a member of the Colorado Territorial Council in 1874. He was also a delegate to the Colorado Constitutional Convention. He turned down both an appointment as judge of Arapahoe County (1878) and an appointment of being chief justice of Utah Territory in 1879. He was appointed by the Governor of Colorado (1879) to compile general statutes of Colorado. Bromwell was elected as a Republican to the 39th and 40th Congress from March 4, 1865 to March 3, 1869, he was not reelected. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the Unites States Congress 1774 - present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=B000865]" Illinois Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Illinois Delegation (This negotiation)
Burton C. Cook Visualize "(May 11, 1819 -- August 18, 1894) Burton Chauncey Cook was a lawyer and American politician. Cook was born in Pittsford, Monroe County, New York and then moved to Ottawa, Illinois in 1835. Cook studied law and commenced the practice of law in 1840. In 1846 he was the Illinois State Attorney for the 9th Judicial Court for 6 years from 1846 to 1852. He was a member of the State Senate (1852-1860). He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1860 and 1864. He was also a member of the Peace Convention of 1861, in Washington D.C., in an effort to prevent the upcoming war. He was elected as a Republican for the 39th, 40th, 41st, and 42nd Congresses from March 4, 1865 to August 26, 1871, when he resigned. During his time in congress he served as the chairman on Roads and Canals (40th Congress) and on the Committee on District of Columbia (41st congress). [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=C000715]" Illinois Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Illinois Delegation (This negotiation)
Shelby M. Cullom Visualize "(November 22, 1829 -- January 28, 1914) Shelby Moore Cullom was a lawyer and American politician. Cullom was born in Wayne County, Kentucky and moved to Tazewell County, Illinois in 1830. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1855. He was elected as the city attorney of Springfield in 1855. He was a member of the state house of representatives (1856, 1860-1861, 1873-1874), and served as speaker of the house during the 2nd year and in 1873. He was a Governor of Illinois from 1877-1883 when he resigned. He was elected as a Republican to the 39th, 40th, and 41st Congresses from March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1871). During this time he was chairman of the Committee on Territories (41st Congress). He was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1882 and was reelected in 1888, 1894, 1900, and 1906 (March 4 1883 -- March 3, 1913). During his time in the Senate, he served as chairman on Committee on Expenditures of Public Money (1885-1887), on the Committee on Interstate Commerce (1887-1893, 1895 - 1901, 1909 - 1913), on the Committee on Foreign Relations (1901 - 1911), was a Regent of the Smithsonian Institution (1885-1913), Republican Conference Chairman (1911-1913), was a chairman and resident commissioner of the Lincoln Memorial Commission in 1913 and 1914, and was a member of the commission appointed to prepare a system of laws for the Hawaiian Islands. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=C000973]" Illinois Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Illinois Delegation (This negotiation)
John F. Farnsworth Visualize (27 March, 1820 -- 14 July, 1897) Farnsworth was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Eaton, Canada, Farnsworth was admitted to the bar and settled into practice at St. Charles, Illinois in 1841. Farnsworth was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-fifth and Thirty-sixth Congresses and served in the Union army during the Civil War. Farnsworth resigned in 1863 and was elected into the Thirty-eighth Congress. He later was elected into the Thirty-ninth, Fortieth, Forty-first, and Forty-second Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Illinois Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Illinois Delegation (This negotiation) , Illinois Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Illinois Delegation (The Road to Civil War)
Abner C. Harding Visualize "(February 10, 1807 -- July 19, 1874) Abner Clark Harding was a lawyer, soldier, American politician and engaged in banking and railroad building. Harding was born in East Hampton, Middlesex County, Connecticut, and moved to Monmouth, Warren County, Illinois in 1838. He was a member of the State Constitutional Convention in 1848 and was a member of the State house of representatives from 1848-1850. He enlisted as a private in the Union Army in the 83rd Regiment, volunteered on the Illinois Volunteer Infantry, was commissioned colonel (1863) and was promoted to brigadier general. Harding was elected as a Republican to the 39th and 40th Congresses from March 4, 1865 to March 3, 1869 where he served as a chairman on the Committee on the militia (39th Congress). He was not reelected. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=H000188]" Illinois Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Illinois Delegation (This negotiation)
Ebon C. Ingersoll Visualize (12 December, 1831 -- 31 May, 1879) Ingersoll was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Dresden, Yates County, N.Y., Ingersoll moved into Wisconsin Territory in 1843 and subsequently to Illinois. Ingersoll was admitted to the bar in 1854 and began practice. Ingersoll was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth Congress to fill a vacancy left by Owen Lovejoy after his death. Ingersoll was reelected to the Thirty-ninth, Fortieth, and Forty-first Congresses and served from May 20, 1864 to March 3, 1871. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Illinois Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Illinois Delegation (This negotiation) , Illinois Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Andrew J. Kuykendall Visualize "(March 3, 1815 -- May 11, 1891) Andrew Jackson Kuykendall was a lawyer, soldier, judge, farmer, and American Lawyer. Kuykendall was born in Gallatin County, Illinois. Andrew studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1840. He was a member of the State house of representatives (1842 - 1862) and a member of the State senate from 1878-1882. He also served as a major in the Union army in the 31st regiment and as a volunteer on the Illinois Volunteers Militia. He served as a county and probate judge of Johnson County from 1873 to 1881. Kuykendall was elected as a Republican to the 39th Congress (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1867). [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=K000347]" Illinois Delegation (This negotiation)
Samuel S. Marshall Visualize "(March 12, 1821 -- July 26, 1890) Samuel Scott Marshall was an American politician, judge, lawyer, and president of the board of managers of Hamilton College (1875-1880). Samuel was born near Shawneetown, Gallatin County, Illinois. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1845. He was a member of the State house of representatives in 1846 and 1847. He was the State's attorney for the 3rd judicial circuit of Illinois (1847 and 1848) and was a circuit court judge (1851-1844 and 1861-1864). He was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention (1860, 1864, and 1880) and delegate to the Union National Convention at Philadelphia in 1866. Marshall was elected as a democrat to the 34th and 35th Congresses (March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1859) where he was Chairman on the Committee on Claims (35th Congress). He was then elected as a democratic for the United States Senate in 1861. He served in the 39th, 40th, 41, 42nd, and 43rd Congresses (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1875), where he was candidate for the Democratic Speaker of the House in 1867. He was not reelected. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=M000160]" Illinois Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Illinois Delegation (This negotiation)
Samuel W. Moulton Visualize "(January 20, 1821 -- June 3, 1905) Samuel Wheeler Moulton was a teacher, lawyer, president of the board of education in Illinois, and American politician. Moulton was born in Wenham, Essex County, Massachusetts, he moved to Kentucky, Mississippi, and then Illinois in 1845 in Oakland, Coles County. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1847. He was a member of the State house of representatives from 1852 to 1859. He was also a presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1856. He was also the president of the board of education for the State of Illinois (1859-1876). He tried and was not elected in the 39th congress in 1862. Moulton was elected as a Republican to the 39th Congress (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1867). He was elected as a Democrat to the 47th and 48th Congresses (March 4, 1881 - March 3, 1885), where he served as Chairman on the Committee on Mileage (48th Congress) and was not a candidate for renomination in 1884. He affiliated with the Republican Party after 1896. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=M001047]" Illinois Delegation (This negotiation)
Lewis W. Ross Visualize (8 December, 1812 -- 20 October, 1895) Ross was an American lawyer and politician. Ross was born in Seneca County, N.Y.. After moving to Illinois, Ross studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1839. Ross was member of the State house of representatives in 1840, 1841, 1844, and 1845 and also was a member of the State constitutional convention in 1861 and 1870. Ross was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth, and Fortieth Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Illinois Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Illinois Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Illinois Delegation (This negotiation)
Anthony Thornton Visualize "(November 9, 1814 -- September 10, 1904) Anthony Thornton was a lawyer, soldier, judge, and American politician. Thornton was born near Paris, Bourbon County, Kentucky and moved to practice law in Illinois in 1836. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1836. He was a major of militia during the war with Mexico. He was a delegate to the State constitutional conventions in 1847 and 1862. He was a member of the State house of representatives in 1850. He was a Justice for the Supreme Court of Illinois from 1870 to 1873 when he resigned. He was then president of the State Bar Association for four terms and was a chairman of the State board of arbitration (1895-1897). He was elected as a democrat for the 39th Congress (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1867) and was not a candidate for renomination. [Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - present', avilable at https://www.quillproject.net/person/8191]" Illinois Delegation (This negotiation)
Lyman Trumbull Visualize (12 October, 1813 -- 25 June, 1896) Trumbull was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Colchester, Conn., after admittance to the bar and brief practice in Greenville, Ga., Trumbull moved to Illinois in 1837. Trumbull was a member of the State house of representatives from 1840-1841, the secretary of State of Illinois in 1841 and 1843, and the justice of the supreme court of Illinois 1848-1853. Although elected to the Thirty-fourth Congress in 1854, Trumbull was elected to the United States Senate before it began. He was reelected in 1861 and again in 1867, and served from March 4, 1855 to March 3, 1873. Trumbull evolved in political party affiliation at various junctions in his career, spending terms as a Democrat, a Republican, a Liberal Republican, and a Democrat again. Trumbull was also the Chairman of the Committee on the Judiciary. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Illinois Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Illinois Delegation (This negotiation) , Illinois Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Illinois Delegation (The Road to Civil War)
Elihu B. Washburne Visualize (23 September, 1816 -- 23 October, 1887) Washburne was an American editor, lawyer, and politician. Born in Livermore, Androscoggin County, Maine, Washburne was admitted to the bar in 1840 and moved to Illinois. Washburne was elected as a Whig to the Thirty-third Congress and reelected as a Republican to the eight succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1853 to March 6, 1869. Washburne was appointed as Secretary of State in the Cabinet of President Grant, but resigned a few days afterward to accept a diplomatic mission to France. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Illinois Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Illinois Delegation (This negotiation) , Illinois Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Illinois Delegation (The Road to Civil War)
John Wentworth Visualize "(March 5, 1815 -- October 16, 1888) John Wentworth was a teacher, mayor, writer, clerk, lawyer, editor, and American Politician. Wentworth was born in Sandwich, Carrol County, New Hampshire and moved to Chicago, Illinois in 1836. Wentworth contributed political articles to newspapers. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1841. He was the editor and manager of the Chicago Democrat and was appointed aide-de-camp to Governor Carling (1838). He was also a Republican mayor of Chicago from 1857 to 1863 and was a delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1861. He was elected as a Democrat to the 28th, 29th, 30th, and 31st Congresses (March 4, 1843 - March 3, 1851). He was also elected as a Democrat for the 33rd Congress from March 4, 1853 to March 3, 1855. He was finally elected as a Republican to the 39th Congress (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1867). [Source: 'Biography Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=W000295]" Illinois Delegation (This negotiation)
Richard Yates Visualize "(January 18, 1815 -- November 1873) Richard Yates was a lawyer, governor, and American politician. He was born in Warsaw, Gallatin County, Kentucky and moved to Illinois in 1831. Yates studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1837. He was a member of the State house of representatives (1842-1845, 1848-1849). He was the governor of Illinois from 1861 to 1865 and was appointed as a United States Commissioner ,by President Ulysses Grant, to inspect a land subsidy railroad. Yates was elected as a Whig to the 32nd and 33rd Congresses (March 4, 1851 - March 3, 1855), and did not get reelected in 1854. He was not a successful candidate for election to the United States senate in 1863. He was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1871) and served on the Committee on Revolutionary Claims (39th and 41st Congresses) and committee on territories (40th congress). He was not a candidate for reelection. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=Y000012]" Illinois Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Illinois Delegation (This negotiation)