"(August 5, 1819 - April 4, 1900). Bidwell was a teacher, ranch hand, major in the army, an American politician, and public servant. He was born in Chautauqua County New York, August 5, 1819, and moved with his parents to both Pennsylvania (1829) and Ohio (1831). He crossed the Rockies and Sierras as part of the first overland expedition to California, arriving in Sacramento Valley on Nov. 4, 1841. John achieved the rank of Major in the War with Mexico. He was a member of the State senate in 1849. He supervised the Census within California in 1850 and 1860. He was both a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1860 and delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1864. He ran for Governor of California in 1875 and lost, running in the Anti-Monopoly party. He ran under this party for governor in 1890 and for President of the United States in 1892. He also presided over the Prohibition State Convention in 1888. He was elected to the 39th Congress on March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1867. He served as a chairman for the Committee on Agriculture. Was not a candidate for renomination (1866). [Source: 'Biographical directory of the United States Congress, 1774 - Present', Available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=B000447]"
California Delegation - United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866