An amendment to the Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal rights, both civil and legal, to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated by the thirteenth amendment.
Quill platform ID: p8237.
"(October 4, 1822 -- January 17, 1893) Rutherford Birchard Hayes was the 19th president of the United States, lawyer, city solicitor, soldier, governor, and American politician. Hayes was born in Delaware, Delaware County, Ohio. He studied law and was admitted to the bar May 10, 1845. He was a city solicitor (1857-1859) and Governor of Ohio (1868 - 1872 & January 1876 - March 2, 1877) until he resigned to become president. He was commissioned major of the 23rd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry (July 27, 1861), lieutenant colonel (October 24, 1861), colonel (October 24, 1862), brigadier general of Volunteers (October 9, 1864), and was brevetted major general of Volunteers (March 4, 1865 - July 20, 1867). He was elected as a Republican to the 39th and 40th Congresses (March 4, 1865 - July 1867) when he resigned to become governor of Ohio. He was unsuccessful for election to the 43rd Congress. He was elected President of the United States (March 5, 1877 - March 3, 1881). [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=H000393]"
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