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Northern Ireland Downing Street Joint Declaration (1993)

Writing Peace

WORK IN PROGRESS - This project is still under development. It models a series of formal and informal negotiations which led to the publication, in December 1993, of a declaration issued jointly by the British and Irish Governments. The Joint Declaration was a critical policy document which paved the way for a ceasefire and the entry of Sinn Féin into formal talks. It also laid out a shared set of principles – including, crucially, self-determination for the people of Ireland subject to the consent of the people of Northern Ireland – which would come to underpin the Belfast Good Friday Agreement and provide a framework for its ratification.

Cite as: Ian McBride, Ruth Murray, Annabel Harris, and Nicholas P. S. Cole, Northern Ireland Downing Street Joint Declaration (1993), Quill Project at Pembroke College (Oxford, 2024).

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Introduction

The Downing Street Declaration - or ‘Joint Declaration for Peace’, as the Irish preferred to call it – was announced by John Major and Albert Reynolds on 15 December 1993. It was one of the most important Irish constitutional documents produced during the twentieth century. The declaration established the mechanism – simultaneous referenda North and South – by which Ireland may one day be peacefully united. It was a remarkable achievement. The two governments were consequently able to park the ‘constitutional’ issue – the future of the Irish border – creating space for detailed negotiations on political institutions and security matters and eventually bringing to an end the political violence which had disfigured Northern Ireland for a quarter of a century.

The Joint Declaration grasped the thorniest issues at the heart of the Northern Ireland conflict: self-determination and consent. These two principles encapsulated the clash of political visions in Northern Ireland in its most intractable form. Self-determination was regarded as ‘Provo-speak’. To most ears, this arcane phrase was merely a sophisticated way of saying ‘united Ireland’ or ‘Brits out’. But technically the idea conferred legitimacy on any political structures for the island of Ireland approved by a majority of its inhabitants, voting in a single unit. There had not been an all-Ireland vote of this or any kind since the landslide victory of Sinn Féin in the general election of 1918. The consent principle, on the other hand, was shorthand for the pledge given by successive British governments to Ulster Unionists that Northern Ireland would not cease to be part of the United Kingdom without the agreement of a majority of its citizens. The Writing Peace project reveals fully, for the first time, how these diametrically opposed positions were seemingly reconciled.

The story of the declaration involves extraordinary risks and delicate political judgements. The documents made available by Quill demonstrate the imaginative effort and determination of intermediaries, civil servants and politicians who dared to believe that a resolution to the long war in the North might just be within reach. This introduction traces the evolution of the Joint Declaration from the initial overtures made by the Redemptorist priest Fr Alec Reid to Charles Haughey in 1986, through the Hume-Adams talks, to the tense negotiations between UK and Irish officials in December 1993. It draws on interviews with the principal architects of the declaration (John Chilcot, Quentin Thomas, Martin Mansergh, Séan Ó hUiginn), conducted over several years. It also draws on a series of archives which have now become available for the first time. These include the position papers of the peacemaker Father Reid, contained in the Cardinal Tomás Ó Fiaich Archive in Armagh, and the Dermot Nally papers in University College Dublin.

Writing Peace sheds new light on the twists and turns of the early peace process. The project includes letters to the Provisional Army Council showing that as far back as April 1987 the IRA leadership was considering dramatically modifying its public position on partition. It shows how the British and Irish delegations approached the bilateral summit at Dublin Castle on 3 December 1993 when the initiative almost collapsed. Above all, it highlights the ingenuity and subtlety of Séan Ó hUiginn, Quentin Thomas and other officials who painstakingly hammered together an ideological formula that proved tolerable to all sides. The fraught issues that confronted them went back to the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921. Was there one people of Ireland or two? Were the Ulster Unionists Irish, British, or a mixture of the two? Would the North and the South determine their future ‘collectively’, ‘concurrently’ or ‘separately’?

View Sessions by Date

Date Time Committee Description
1987-05-01 12:00:00 Sinn Féin [Exact date unknown] The Sinn Féin paper, entitled Scenario for Peace was published at the time of the Ard Chomhairle in May 1987.
1987-09-06 12:00:00 Reid-Ó Fiaich-Murray [Exact time unknown] Father Reid wrote to Tom King describing his work with John Hume and encouraging a meeting with Gerry Adams.
1987-09-06 12:00:01 British Government [Exact date and time unknown] Tom King received Father Reid's letter encouraging meetings with Sinn Féin.
1987-09-06 12:00:01 British-Reid Bilaterals [Exact date and time unknown] Tom King received Alec Reid's letter describing his work with John Hume and encouraging a meeting with Gerry Adams.
1988-01-01 00:00:01 Reid-Ó Fiaich-Murray [Editorial Session] Undated documents by Father Alec Reid, thought to be from 1987 or 1988.
1988-01-01 12:00:00 Reid-Ó Fiaich-Murray [Exact date and time unknown] Alec Reid wrote to Gerry Adams and John Hume to initiate a dialogue. The first meeting is reported to take place on 11 January. The letter is described as being received "at the beginning of [1988]" in a subsequent letter by Gerry Adams.
1988-01-01 12:00:01 SDLP [Exact date and time unknown] John Hume received a letter from Alec Reid, inviting him to meet with Gerry Adams.
1988-01-01 12:00:02 Sinn Féin [Exact date and time unknown] Alec Reid's letter was brought to the attention of the Sinn Féin Ard Comhairle by Gerry Adams in January 1988. Date not specified in the current records.
1988-01-11 12:00:00 Hume-Adams [Exact time unknown] According to the summary of the Sinn Féin/SDLP talks produced by Sinn Féin, Gerry Adams and John Hume met for the first time on 11 January 1988.
1988-02-09 12:00:00 British-Reid Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Alec Reid telephoned John McConnell about a prisoner.
1988-02-11 12:00:00 British-Reid Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Alec Reid telephoned J.E.McConnell about a Republican prisoner and discussed Sinn Féin's political position.
1988-03-10 12:00:00 British-Reid Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] A lunch meeting at Stormont House between Father Alec Reid and J. E. McConnell. The meeting was supposedly held to discuss prisoners, but actually included a discussion on Sinn Féin more generally and the recent killings in Gibraltar.
1988-03-13 12:00:00 British-Reid Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] A phone call between J.E.McConnell and Father Alec Reid regarding the forthcoming funeral of the IRA members killed in Gibraltar.
1988-03-14 12:00:00 Sinn Féin [Exact time unknown] The Sinn Féin document 'Towards a Strategy for Peace' was written.
1988-03-17 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Ian Burns wrote to Jonathan Stephens concerning the communications between John McConnell and Father Alec Reid.
1988-03-17 12:00:00 SDLP [Exact time unknown] John Hume wrote to Gerry Adams, outlining the SDLP position.
1988-03-17 12:00:01 Sinn Féin [Exact time unknown] Gerry Adams received John Hume's letter.
1988-03-17 12:00:02 Hume-Adams [Editorial session] This session is created to show the first paper tabled by the SDLP under consideration in the formal process.
1988-03-18 12:00:00 Sinn Féin [Exact time unknown] The Sinn Féin document 'Towards a Strategy to Peace' was sent to John Hume.
1988-03-19 12:00:00 Hume-Adams [Exact time unknown] The first Sinn Fein paper was tabled.
1988-03-22 12:00:00 Sinn Féin [Exact date and time unknown] The sub-committee established by the Ard Chomhairle met to discuss the SDLP proposals.
1988-03-23 12:00:00 Hume-Adams [Exact time unknown] The Sinn Féin and SDLP delegations met.
1988-05-18 12:00:00 Sinn Féin [Editorial session: exact date and time unknown] The Sinn Féin sub-committee met weekly during the formal talks with the SDLP (Letter from Gerry Adams to John Hume on 14 August). We do not have dates or minutes of these meetings. An editorial decision has been taken to model some of these meetings to show the formulation of Sinn Féin position papers referred to the 'Hume-Adams Talks' for discussion.
1988-05-19 12:00:00 Hume-Adams [Exact time unknown] The Sinn Féin and SDLP delegations met.
1988-06-12 12:00:00 Sinn Féin [Editorial session: exact date and time unknown] The Sinn Féin sub-committee prepared a document 'Persuading the British - a joint call' that was presented at the meeting on 13 June.
1988-06-12 12:00:00 SDLP [Editorial session: exact date and time unknown] The SDLP prepared two papers in response to the Sinn Féin documents which are tabled on 12 June 1988.
1988-06-13 12:00:00 Hume-Adams [Exact time unknown] The Sinn Féin and SDLP delegations met.
1988-07-10 12:00:00 SDLP [Exact date and time unknown] The SDLP prepared a written response to the discussions at previous meetings.
1988-07-11 12:00:00 Hume-Adams [Exact time unknown] A meeting of party leaders was held on this day, where it was agreed to review the situation to date.
1988-08-14 12:00:00 Sinn Féin [Editorial session] Gerry Adams wrote a letter of review, addressed to John Hume and reflecting on the talks with the SDLP. This is dated 14 August.
1988-08-14 12:00:01 SDLP [Editorial session] John Hume received the letter of review from Gerry Adams.
1988-08-14 12:00:02 Hume-Adams [Editorial Session] Gerry Adams letter of review was written and handed to John Hume.
1988-08-22 12:00:00 Hume-Adams [Exact time unknown] The two leaders met to review the talks between the SDLP and SInn Féin.
1988-08-30 12:00:00 SDLP [Exact time unknown] The SDLP wrote a statement marking the end of the talks with SInn Féin. It was not released until 5 September.
1988-09-05 12:00:00 Sinn Féin Sinn Féin issued a press statement to mark the end of the talks with the SDLP.
1988-09-05 12:00:00 SDLP The SDLP statement on the end of talks with Sinn Féin was released.
1989-01-01 00:00:00 Irish Government [Editorial Session] An undated document from Tomás Ó Fiaich's archive which is thought to be written by Martin Mansergh in 1988 or 1989.
1989-01-01 00:00:01 Reid-Ó Fiaich-Murray [Editorial Session] Undated document by Father Alec Reid from Tómas Ó Fiaich's archive, thought to have been written in 1988 or 1989.
1989-04-01 12:00:00 Reid-Ó Fiaich-Murray [Exact date and time unknown] The Armagh copy of the proposals is dated 'April 1989' in pencil on the first page.
1989-07-24 12:00:00 British Government Peter Brooke replaced Tom King as Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
1989-08-11 12:00:00 British-Reid Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] John McConnell met with Father Alex Reid in the former's office at Stormont House to discuss Sinn Fein's current strategy.
1989-08-16 17:00:00 British Government Peter Brooke met with John Blelloch, Jonathan Stephens, R. O. Miles, John Deverell, John McConnell and Jim Daniell to discuss John McConnell's minute of a discussion with Alec Reid on 14 August 1989 and to agree a protocol for future meetings between the two.
1989-08-22 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] R. O. Miles wrote to Mr Daniell concerning the violence in Northern Ireland, de-colonisation, and discussions between Alec Reid and John McConnell
1989-08-25 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] John Blelloch wrote about the brief prepared for John McConnell's meeting with Alec Reid and paper on security policy
1989-09-01 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] A.W. Stephens wrote to Ian Burns about the PIRA and the armed struggle.
1989-09-07 11:45:00 British-Reid Bilaterals Meeting between John McConnell and Father Alec Reid
1989-09-18 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] John Blelloch wrote a memo reflecting on the latest McConnell-Reid meeting. In it he suggests the inevitability of recognising Sinn Féin as part of any ceasefire arrangement.
1989-09-19 12:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Peter Brooke met with John Hume, who suggested that he make a "no strategic interest" speech at a time to be agreed with the SDLP leader.
1989-10-23 12:00:00 Reid-Ó Fiaich-Murray [Exact time unknown] Reid and Murray wrote a covering letter for their "Proposal for a Democratic Over-all Political and Diplomatic Strategy for Justice, Peace and Reconciliation: A Pastoral Response to the Present Conflict".
1989-11-10 12:00:00 Reid-Ó Fiaich-Murray [Exact time unknown] Cardinal Tomás Ó Fiaich wrote the covering letter to accompany the letter and proposal prepared by Fathers Reid and Murray on 23 October.
1989-11-16 12:00:00 British-Reid Bilaterals Alec Reid spoke with John McConnell on the telephone about a prisoner and their lack of recent contact.
1989-11-19 12:00:00 British-Reid Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Alec Reid telephoned John McConnell to arrange a meeting.
1989-11-20 17:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] An internal meeting was held in the evening to discuss Father Reid's contacts with John McConnell.
1989-11-22 12:00:00 British-Reid Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Alec Reid met with John McConnell.
1989-11-25 12:00:00 SDLP [Exact time unknown] John Hume received the Reid/Murray proposals.
1989-11-25 12:00:01 Sinn Féin [Exact date and time unknown] The Reid/Murray proposal was received by John Hume on the weekend of 25/26 November and was reportedly also sent to Gerry Adams and the Taoiseach at the same time.
1989-11-25 12:00:02 Irish Government [Exact date and time unknown] The Reid/Murray proposal was received by John Hume on the weekend of 25/26 November and was reportedly also sent to Gerry Adams and the Taoiseach at the same time.
1989-11-29 12:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Hume handed over the proposals made by Reid and Murray to Ian Burns.
1989-11-29 12:00:01 British Government [Exact date and time unknown] Ian Burns circulated the papers received from John Hume to the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Peter Brooke and to other members of the Northern Ireland Office.
1989-12-06 09:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Ian Burns and John Hume met in the morning to discuss the Reid-Murray proposals.
1989-12-13 12:00:00 British Government A memo from Miles to Burns reviewed the Reid-Murray proposals.
1990-02-12 12:00:00 British-Reid Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Alec Reid discussed developments with John McConnell.
1990-02-22 12:00:00 British-Reid Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Alec Reid telephoned John McConnell to arrange a meeting.
1990-02-26 12:00:00 British-Reid Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Alec Reid met John McConnell to discuss ongoing Hume-Adams talks and various different peace initiatives.
1990-03-01 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Ian Burns initiated a discussion on how to respond to Father Reid's suggestion that John McConnell could meet Gerry Adams in Armagh with Cardinal Ó Fiaich.
1990-03-04 12:00:00 British-Reid Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Alec Reid phoned John McConnell to arrange a meeting.
1990-03-05 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] John Blelloch and the Secretary of State responded to Ian Burns's request for guidance on responding to Father Reid.
1990-03-06 12:00:00 British-Reid Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Alec Reid met John McConnell to discuss the Reid-Murray proposals and dialogue with the PIRA.
1990-04-01 00:00:00 Sinn Féin [Editorial session: exact date and time unknown] According to John Hume, Sinn Féin responded to the Reid/Murray proposal.
1990-04-01 12:00:00 SDLP [Editorial session: exact date and time unknown] The SDLP rejected the Reid/Murray proposals and communicated this decision to Reid.
1990-04-30 12:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Ian Burns and John Hume briefly discussed the Reid-Murray proposals.
1990-05-01 12:00:00 British-Maze Chaplains [Exact time unknown] Peter Brooke met with Cardinal Ó Fiaich and Archbishop Eames and was briefed on Fr Murphy and Rev Murphy's communications with the IRA.
1990-05-08 12:00:00 British-Reid Bilaterals [Exact time and date unknown] John McConnell met with Father Alec Reid to continue their discussions around the latter's initiatives.
1990-05-08 12:00:00 Reid-Ó Fiaich-Murray [Exact time unknown] Cardinal Tomás Ó Fiaich died in Toulouse, France.
1990-09-01 12:00:00 British-Maze Chaplains [Exact date and time unknown] Cardinal Daly met with Peter Brooke to discuss the Maze Chaplains' initiative.
1990-10-31 12:00:00 British-Maze Chaplains [Exact date and time unknown] British government officials meet with the Maze chaplains.
1990-11-07 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] A final draft of the Whitbread Speech is circulated. This is also shown as being referred out as we know it was shared in advance with members of the Republican movement.
1990-11-08 12:00:00 Sinn Féin [Exact date and time unknown] An advance copy of Peter Brooke's Whitbread Speech was received by Sinn Féin.
1990-11-09 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown]Peter Brooke delivered the Whitbread speech, declaring that the British Government had "no selfish strategic or economic interest" in Northern Ireland.
1990-11-09 12:00:00 British-Maze Chaplains [Exact date and time unknown] Danny McNeill spoke with Father Murphy and Reverend Murphy in private after a routine lunch engagement on prison matters. This meeting is dated as 10 November in the record of Dermot Gallagher's conversation with Father Murphy. However, it seems likely that the date is in error as the Whitbread speech had not yet happened. The record refers to the Remembrance Event happening 'the previous day (9 November). We have assumed that the routine lunch engagement on prison matters was on Friday 9 November (a weekday, and before the chaplains would have been aware of the Whitbread speech).
1990-11-13 12:00:00 British-Maze Chaplains [Exact date and time unknown: the meeting took place between 1 November and 21 November; a wider meeting was postponed from 13 November, so it is possible that the private meeting took place on that occasion instead.] Cahal Daly met privately with Peter Brooke to stress the urgency of responding to the Chaplains' initiative.
1990-11-20 12:00:00 British-Maze Chaplains [Exact date and time unknown] John Blelloch and John McConnell met with Cahal Daly to discuss the Chaplains' initiative.
1990-11-21 12:00:00 British-Maze Chaplains [Exact time unknown] Cahal Daly met with the new PUS, John Chilcot and the new Head of the Political Affairs Division, Danny McNeill. The Irish report of this meeting (via John Murphy) dates it as Wednesday 21 November, while Danny McNeill's account specifies 20 November. We have taken Danny McNeill's dating since it is the more formal, first-hand account of the meeting.
1990-11-22 12:00:00 British-Maze Chaplains [Exact time unknown] Danny McNeill met with Father Murphy and Reverend Murphy.
1990-12-15 12:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] Charles Haughey and John Major met in the margins of a European Council meeting in Rome.
1991-01-22 18:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] John Hume telephoned John Chilcot to discuss a conversation he had had with Gerry Adams.
1991-01-24 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Danny McNeil provided a briefing on 'Political Movement and the Provisionals'.
1991-03-26 15:30:00 British Government Peter Brooke gave a speech to the House of Commons launching the three-stranded talks.
1991-04-08 12:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] Charles Haughey and John Major met in the margins of a European Council meeting in Luxembourg.
1991-06-21 19:30:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings Charles Haughey and John Major met in Downing Street.
1991-06-29 12:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] Charles Haughey and John Major met in the margins of a European Council meeting in Luxembourg.
1991-10-01 12:00:00 Irish-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time and date unknown] According to Mallie and McKittrick, Hume discussed the Joint Declaration with the Irish Government in October 1991.
1991-12-01 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact date and time unknown] The editors have created this session to model JD2. We do not yet have evidence of exactly on what date or by whom itwas created, but documents from the National Archives show that it was shown to Robin Butler by Dermot Nally for the first time on 16th December 1991.
1991-12-02 12:00:00 British Government [Editors' note: This session is designated to signify the creation of the British draft of the joint communique, enclosed in Richard Gozney's letter dated 2 December 1991. Unfortunately, the letter and the draft communique are currently unavailable.]
1991-12-03 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact date and time unknown] The Irish draft communique for the meeting between John Major and Charles Haughey in Dublin is created.
1991-12-03 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Stephen Wall briefs John Major for his meeting with Charles Haughey on 4 December 1991.
1991-12-03 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Jonathan Margetts provides a separate briefing on Northern Ireland for John Major's meeting with Charles Haughey.
1991-12-03 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] David Blatherwick sends a fax briefing for John Major's meeting with Charles Haughey in Dublin.
1991-12-03 12:30:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Dermot Nally handed the Irish draft communique to the British Ambassador on this day.
1991-12-03 13:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Richard Gozney comments on the Irish draft communique for the meeting between John Major and Charles Haughey.
1991-12-04 10:30:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings A tête-à-tête meeting was held between Prime Minister John Major and Taoiseach Charles Haughey, where the latter raised the possibility of a joint statement to be made by the two governments that he judged would secure a ceasefire.
1991-12-04 11:30:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] Following their tête-à-tête, Haughey and Major attended a Plenary meeting with the full delegations. No mention was made of the Joint Declaration explicitly, but the Taoiseach signalled his intention to review the situation in Northern Ireland.
1991-12-04 12:00:00 British Government [Editors' note: This session has been created to model the amendments in the joint communique that was released on 4 December 1991, following the plenary meeting between John Major and Charles Haughey. The drafts are all undated, but since the original Irish draft communique is dated 3 December 1991, these revisions are presumed to have occurred between 3 and 4 December 1991.]
1991-12-04 12:30:00 British Government [Editors' note: This session has been created to model the amendments in John Major's opening statement for the Dublin press conference on 4 December 1991, following the plenary meeting between Major and Charles Haughey. Though the drafts are all undated, the nature of the revisions suggests they were made post the meeting, thus provisionally dated as 4 December 1991.]
1991-12-04 13:00:00 British Government [Editors' note: This session has been created to model the amendments in the notes for supplementaries on Northern Ireland, drafted for John Major's reference for the Dublin press conference on 4 December 1991, following the plenary meeting between Major and Charles Haughey. Though the drafts are all undated, the nature of the revisions suggests they were made post the meeting, thus provisionally dated as 4 December 1991.]
1991-12-04 15:30:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] The British and Irish Governments released a joint communique following John Major's meeting with Charles Haughey on 4 December 1991.
1991-12-05 13:45:00 British Government [Editors' note: This session has been created to model the amendments in the lines prepared for John Major regarding the bombing in Belfast on 4 December 1991].
1991-12-08 12:00:00 Butler-Nally Meetings [Exact date and time unknown] Butler and Nally met in December 1991 to consider the possibility of a Joint Declaration.
1991-12-16 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Peter Brooke writes to Kenneth Baker, seeking his input on Brooke's proposal on the examination of the speciality law within the framework of Working Group II.
1991-12-16 12:00:00 Butler-Nally Meetings [Exact time unknown] First meeting between Dermot Nally and Robin Butler where Nally presented the first draft of the Joint Declaration that was given to the Irish Government by John Hume.
1991-12-17 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Kenneth Baker replies to Peter Brooke's proposal on the joint examination of the speciality rule from 16 December 1991.
1991-12-23 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] PIRA announces a ceasefire for 72 hours, between 24 and 26 December 1991.
1991-12-23 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Robin Butler writes to Stephen Wall recording his meeting with Dermot Nally and proposing how to proceed further.
1991-12-23 12:30:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Antony Pawson writes to Stephen Wall about the Christmas ceasefire announcement, enclosing a briefing about the line to take for his call with Charles Haughey and the statement prepared in response to the PIRA statement.
1991-12-23 21:00:00 British Government [Editors' note: This session has been created to model the release of the British Government's response to the PIRA statement.]
1991-12-24 08:30:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Stephen Wall briefs John Major for his call with Charles Haughey at 10 am.
1991-12-24 10:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings John Major has a conversation with Charles Haughey over the telephone.
1991-12-24 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Stephen Wall sends a handwritten note to John Major regarding the size of the Irish delegation for the Joint Declaration Initiative.
1991-12-30 12:00:00 Butler-Nally Meetings [Exact date and time unknown] Nally eventually handed over the text of JD2.
1991-12-31 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Stephen Wall writes to Robin Butler with John Major's view on expanding the size of the Irish delegation for the Joint Declaration Initiative.
1992-01-06 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Editors' note: Exact time unknown. John Bruton asked to meet the Prime Minister during his visit to London on the 27-28th January 1992.]
1992-01-10 12:00:00 British Government [Editors' Note: Exact time unknown. Anthony Pawson and Stephen Wall discuss the membership of the Joint Declaration negotiation teams.]
1992-01-10 12:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Hume met Major and asked for authority to tell the Provisional IRA that the British Government was taking the idea of a Joint Declaration seriously.
1992-01-10 12:30:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact date and time unknown] The Irish and British Governments decide on the size of the delegations for the Joint Declaration Initiative.
1992-01-20 12:00:00 Hume-Adams [Exact date and time unknown] Since Hume was authorised to report his own impression of British Government engagement with the Joint Declaration back to the Provisionals, it seems likely that he may have done so via Gerry Adams at some point in January.
1992-01-24 12:00:00 British Government [Editors' Note: Exact time unknown. Christopher Prentice provides a briefing for John Major's meeting with John Bruton.]
1992-01-30 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Robin Butler wrote to Stephen Wall attaching a copy of a draft Irish declaration with a commentary by the Northern Ireland Office.
1992-01-30 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals Charles Haughey resigned as the leader of Fianna Fáil. Dermot Nally contacted Robin Butler to propose that they still meet to discuss the Joint Declaration Initiative. Nally also hands over the JD2 draft to Robin Butler on an unknown date, which is then circulated.
1992-02-04 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Stephen Wall writes to John Major, recommending that Major reject JD2.
1992-02-04 12:30:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Stephen Wall informs Robin Butler of instructions from John Major for his meeting with Dermot Nally.
1992-02-07 12:00:00 Butler-Nally Meetings [Exact time unknown] Butler and Nally met for a third time.
1992-02-10 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Richard Gozney writes to Stephen Wall, enclosing David Blatherwick's dispatch from Dublin on the situation in the Republic of Ireland.
1992-02-10 12:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] John Major and Albert Reynolds have a telephone conversation.
1992-02-11 12:00:00 Irish Government [Editorial session] Albert Reynolds replaced Charles Haughey as Taoiseach.
1992-02-11 12:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Editorial session] Albert Reynolds replaced Charles Haughey as Taoiseach.
1992-02-14 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Stephen Wall briefs John Major briefing about the next Anglo-Irish Summit, scheduled for 26 February 1992.
1992-02-20 12:00:00 Hume-Adams [Exact date and time unknown] The Sinn Féin version of the Joint Declaration [JD3] is passed to John Hume. Hume shares it with British officials before 21 February and with Irish officials on 24 February.
1992-02-20 12:00:00 Sinn Féin [Exact date and time unknown] Sinn Féin produce an alternative version of the Joint Declaration.
1992-02-20 12:30:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact date and time unknown] At some time shortly before 26 February 1992, Hume handed over JD3 to the British government.
1992-02-21 13:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] William Fittall writes to Stephen Wall about the Joint Declaration Initiative in advance of the meeting between John Major and Albert Reynolds. The letter encloses JD3 and a briefing on the Joint Declaration for Major's reference.
1992-02-24 12:00:00 Irish-Hume Bilaterals [Exact date and time unknown] At some time shortly before the 26 February 1992, Hume handed over JD3 to the Irish government.
1992-02-24 13:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] David Blatherwick sends a message to the British Government, recording the pointers given to him by Dermot Nally in preparation for the Anglo-Irish Summit on 26 February 1992.
1992-02-25 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Stephen Wall prepares a brief for John Major for his meeting with Albert Reynolds on 26 February 1992.
1992-02-25 12:30:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] David Blatherwick sends a brief to the British Government in advance of the Prime Minister's meeting with the Taoiseach.
1992-02-26 18:30:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings Albert Reynolds and John Major have a tête-à-tête discussion. Dermot Nally and Stephen Wall join as note takers.
1992-02-26 21:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] Following their tête-à-tête, Reynolds and Major attend a working dinner with the full delegations.
1992-04-10 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Patrick Mayhew replaced Peter Brooke as Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
1992-05-01 12:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact date and time unknown] At some time in May 1992, Hume handed over JD4 to the British Government.
1992-05-25 12:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] John Major sends a letter to Albert Reynolds proposing a speech in Dublin.
1992-07-31 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Christopher Prentice sends a letter to Stephen Wall about the next Anglo-Irish Meeting.
1992-09-22 12:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] John Major and Albert Reynolds have a phone conversation.
1992-09-23 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Stephen Wall writes a briefing note with a background outline on the Anglo-Irish Summit scheduled for 25 September 1992.
1992-09-24 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Stephen Wall sends a brief to John Major for his meeting with Albert Reynolds on 25 September 1992.
1992-09-24 12:30:00 British Government [Exact day and time unknown] The British delegation prepares a speaking note with the points to cover in the meeting between John Major and Albert Reynolds for their meeting on 25 September 1992.
1992-09-24 12:45:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] William Fittall sends a letter to Stephen Wall with an attached background note on political developments and other topics of relevance for John Major's meeting with Albert Reynolds on 25 September 1992.
1992-09-25 12:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings John Major and Albert Reynolds meet for a tête-à-tête discussion.
1992-09-25 12:45:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings Following their tête-à-tête, Albert Reynolds and John Major attend a working lunch with the full delegations.
1992-09-25 18:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact date and time unknown] The Irish and British Governments issue a joint communique following John Major's meeting with Albert Reynolds on 25 September 1992.
1992-12-06 12:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] John Major and Albert Reynolds meet privately in Dublin.
1992-12-16 10:00:00 British Government Patrick Mayhew gives a speech titled "Culture and Identity" at the Centre for the Study of Conflict at the University of Ulster at Coleraine.
1992-12-22 12:00:00 Sinn Féin [Exact time unknown] Gerry Adams replies to a speech made by Patrick Mayhew on 16 December 1992.
1992-12-23 12:00:00 British Government David Blatherwick writes to the British Government regarding the press reaction to Gerry Adams's response to Patrick Mayhew's speech on December 16 1992.
1993-03-10 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] Dermot Nally wrote a note to Albert Reynolds outlining his suggestions for possible institutional arrangements between North and South.
1993-03-15 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] John Sawers sends a report on the meeting that took place between Patrick Mayhew and James Bolger on 12 March 1993.
1993-03-29 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact date and time unknown] There is a draft of the Joint Declaration amongst Dermot Nally's papers which has a later (post-declaration) pencilled annotation giving this date and "(Hume/Adams?)". Since we have been unable to find another copy of this draft with more contextual information, the editors have chosen to model this here.
1993-04-08 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Roderic Lyne sends a note to William Fittall on some questions John Major would like Patrick Mayhew to bring up in the next NI Committee meeting on 15 April 1993.
1993-04-10 12:00:00 Hume-Adams [Exact time unknown] John Hume and Gerry Adams met.
1993-04-20 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] Noel Dorr produced a paper outlining different possible solutions to the Northern Ireland problem, which included both the talks and the Joint Declaration but recommended a third, separate option.
1993-04-22 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] Noel Dorr completed the annex to his paper outlining what a possible agreement, to be proposed by the two governments and co-signed by the Northern Ireland parties, might look like.
1993-04-23 12:00:00 Hume-Adams [Exact time unknown] A Hume/Adams Statement was issued.
1993-05-27 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] The Irish Government received confirmation from the PAC that they would accept JD6 as a basis for a ceasefire.
1993-06-05 12:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] Albert Reynolds telephoned John Major to arrange a time to hand over JD6.
1993-06-06 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact date and time unknown] The editors have chosen to create JD6 on the day it was shown to the British Government until further records are available, although it existed prior to this.
1993-06-06 18:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] Robin Butler met with the Taoiseach, who handed over the latest draft of the Joint Declaration (JD6).
1993-06-06 18:00:01 British Government [Exact time unknown] Butler forwarded JD6 and the accompanying Irish Government aide-mémoire to other members of the British Government delegation, along with a letter recording the details of his meeting with the Taoiseach.
1993-06-06 18:00:01 Butler-Nally Meetings [Exact time unknown] JD6 was handed over to the British Government on this day, and circulated.
1993-06-06 18:00:01 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] JD6 was handed over to the British Government on this day, and circulated.
1993-06-08 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] Frank Murray received a letter containing briefing material for the Anglo-Irish Diner meeting on 9 June 1993.
1993-06-08 12:00:00 SDLP [Exact date and time unknown] On 8 June 1993, John Hume mentioned the existence of his alternative to JD6 (JD7), although he did not show him a draft until 9 July 1993. This is the earliest evidence we have for the existence of JD7, so the editors have chosen to create it here for now.
1993-06-08 12:00:01 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Hume met Chilcot and told him about the existence of JD7 (but did not show it to him).
1993-06-10 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] The Northern Ireland Office produced a commentary on JD6 and the accompanying Irish government aide-mémoire.
1993-06-13 12:00:00 Butler-Nally Meetings [Exact time unknown] Nally met with Butler in London to discuss JD6.
1993-06-16 18:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings Tête-à-tête meeting between Major and Reynolds. Robin Butler, Dermot Nally and Roderic Lyne were also present. JD6 was discussed with a view to further negotiation.
1993-06-16 18:40:01 Butler-Nally Meetings [Editorial session] In a tête-à-tête meeting between Major and Reynolds, it was decided that Chilcot and Ó hUiginn should be invited to join the negotiating team. We have therefore shown them joining this committee after the tête-à-tête had finished.
1993-06-16 18:45:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings We do not have a record of the plenary meeting between Reynolds and Major, but we know that it was held at this time and that the draft of a joint communiqué was finalised.
1993-06-29 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] Some briefing notes on the Joint Declaration were created.
1993-07-08 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] Annotations were made to JD6 and to the aide-mémoire.
1993-07-09 12:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] After a meeting he had sought with John Major in late June was delayed, Hume handed over JD7 to John Chilcot.
1993-07-14 12:00:00 British Government [Exact date and time unknown] At a meeting held at lunchtime on 14 July 1993, the British delegation handed over a document to the Irish delegation containing ten principles regarding their policy in Northern Ireland. We have modelled this being created on the day that it was referred.
1993-07-14 12:00:00 Butler-Nally Meetings [Exact time unknown] The negotiating team met over lunch to discuss JD6. The British delegation made it clear they were unable to negotiate on the document, but provided a detailed commentary on their objections. The teams discussed principles to be included in the Joint Declaration. They agreed on some of these, but found self-determination to be the sticking point for the British delegation. It was tentatively agreed that the British objections would be conveyed to Sinn Féin and a further meeting would be held some time in late July/early August.
1993-07-14 12:00:01 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] The Irish delegation received the documents circulated during the Butler/Nally lunchtime meeting. Dermot Nally reported back on the meeting and passed on the suggestion that Martin Mansergh convey the gist of the British commentary to his interlocutor.
1993-07-14 12:00:01 British Government [Exact time unknown] The British delegation received the documents circulated and conclusions reached during the Butler/Nally lunchtime meeting.
1993-07-14 12:00:01 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] The conclusions reached in the Butler/Nally meeting of 14 July 1993 were on the table from this point onwards.
1993-07-14 12:00:01 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] The conclusions reached in the Butler/Nally meeting of 14 July 1993 were on the table from this point onwards.
1993-07-23 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] Martin Mansergh produced some notes on the recent Butler/Nally meeting. He rejected the suggestion that he convey British objections to Sinn Féin, preferring to ask the British to negotiate a new draft which could then be presented to them.
1993-07-28 18:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Chilcot and Mayhew met for about an hour. One of the things under discussion was the Joint Declaration initiative.
1993-07-29 18:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Ó hUiginn and Chilcot met for dinner. One of the topics under discussion was the Joint Declaration initiative and its progress, especially in the context of current developments. Chilcot agreed to try and arrange a further Butler/Nally meeting on 4 August 1993. The timings for a summit and a Spring/Mayhew meeting were also discussed without reaching any conclusions.
1993-08-04 15:00:00 Butler-Nally Meetings The Irish delegation attempted to persuade the British to begin the process of negotiating on and amending JD6. They were not successful. The Maastricht vote and its consequences, the allegations of a Conservative/UUP deal, and the possible creation of a Northern Ireland Select Committee were also discussed in some detail.
1993-08-04 16:30:00 British Government After the Butler/Nally meeting, the British delegation received the resolution to negotiate on JD6 as an Irish Government proposal.
1993-08-31 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Quentin Thomas wrote some draft text on constitutional issues aimed at mining for changes to JD6. He handed it over to Seán Ó hUiginn at an informal bilateral meeting on 1 September 1993.
1993-09-01 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Quentin Thomas met Seán Ó hUiginn informally to discuss JD6. He handed over a text on constitutional issues which, he implied, could also be mined for language to address self-determination in paragraph 4 of the Joint Declaration.
1993-09-01 12:00:01 Irish Government [Editorial session] The Irish Government delegation received the conclusions of the informal bilateral meeting between Thomas and Ó hUiginn.
1993-09-01 13:00:00 British Government [Editorial session] The British Government delegation received the conclusions of the informal bilateral meeting between Thomas and Ó hUiginn.
1993-09-01 13:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Editorial session] The conclusions of the informal bilateral meeting between Thomas and Ó hUiginn were received.
1993-09-01 13:00:00 Butler-Nally Meetings [Editorial session] The conclusions of the informal bilateral meeting between Thomas and Ó hUiginn were received.
1993-09-06 09:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] David Blatherwick called on Albert Reynolds in the morning. They discussed Northern Ireland, and Reynolds emphasised the importance of securing peace in advance of a political accommodation.
1993-09-07 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] Reynolds sent a letter to Major.
1993-09-07 12:00:01 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Editorial session] Reynolds sent a letter to Major.
1993-09-07 12:00:02 British Government [Editorial session] Reynolds sent a letter to Major, which was circulated.
1993-09-07 12:00:02 Butler-Nally Meetings [Editorial session] Reynolds sent a letter to Major, which was circulated.
1993-09-07 12:00:02 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Editorial session] Reynolds sent a letter to Major, which was circulated.
1993-09-08 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Roderic Lyne sent a letter to Robin Butler enclosing the Taoiseach's letter to the Prime Minister and requesting a draft response from John Chilcot.
1993-09-10 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] The British Government made connected proposals to the Anglo-Irish Conference and the Butler/Nally group which were designed to allow them to refine the language of JD6 in the context of Strand 3 of the Talks, whilst also producing a Framework Paper which would indicate to the Unionists they had taken on board their request for a Heads of Agreement document. We do not currently have an internal record of these proposals, so we have created them on the day they were put to the Irish delegations.
1993-09-10 12:00:01 Anglo-Irish Intergovernmental Conference: Tête-à-Tête Meetings [Exact time unknown] A tête-à-tête meeting was held between Peter Brooke and Patrick Mayhew. JD6 was under discussion.
1993-09-10 12:00:02 Anglo-Irish Intergovernmental Conference: Plenary Sessions [Exact time unknown] A meeting of the Anglo-Irish Conference was held where the Liaison Group was mandated to produce a paper with a constitutional component formulating a joint assessment of what might be acceptable to all participants in order to achieve the objectives of the process and secure peace.
1993-09-10 12:00:03 Butler-Nally Meetings [Exact time unknown] The Butler/Nally Group met to discuss JD6. The British delegation made it clear they would not get into drafting, but suggested that the Framework document that the Intergovernmental Conference had mandated the Liaison Group to produce should be used to produce text which could then be imported into a further Irish draft of JD6. Nally and Ó hUiginn agreed to take this proposal to the Taoiseach.
1993-09-10 12:00:04 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] The Irish delegation received the British proposals made during the Anglo-Irish Intergovernmental Conference and the Butler/Nally meeting on 10 September 1993.
1993-09-10 12:00:04 British Government [Exact time unknown] The British proposal made to the Anglo-Irish Intergovernmental Conference was reported back as amended and agreed.
1993-09-10 12:00:04 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] The proposals made during the meetings of the Anglo-Irish Intergovernmental Conference and the Butler/Nally Group on 10 September 1993 were received.
1993-09-10 12:00:04 Anglo-Irish Liaison Group [Exact time unknown] The Anglo-Irish Liaison Group were mandated by the Intergovernmental Conference to produce a Joint Framework Document.
1993-09-10 12:00:04 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] The proposals made during the meetings of the Anglo-Irish Intergovernmental Conference and the Butler/Nally Group on 10 September 1993 were received.
1993-09-12 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time and date unknown] Mansergh had two substantial discussions – one with Chilcot and another with Mayhew – in the margins of the British-Irish Association Conference in Cambridge. The conference took place between 10 and 12 September 1993. We do not know exactly when the meetings took place, so we have modelled them at the end of this period.
1993-09-13 12:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact date and time unknown] At some point following the Butler/Nally meeting on 10 September 1993, but before writing a note on 15 September 1993, Chilcot met with John Hume to discuss the Joint Declaration Initiative.
1993-09-15 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] Martin Mansergh wrote a document reflecting on the possibility of change to the Irish Constitution.
1993-09-15 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Chilcot wrote a draft reply for Major to send to Reynolds.
1993-09-16 12:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Hume met with Major, accompanied by Mayhew and Chilcot. They discussed the Hume/Adams talks and the British points of contention with JD6. Hume offered to help with further re-drafting of the document.
1993-09-22 12:00:00 Hume-Adams [Exact time unknown] A statement which Hume planned to issue was shown to and discussed with the Irish Government on 22 September 1993. We have created it here although it probably existed prior to this.
1993-09-22 18:00:00 Irish-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Ó hUiginn met Hume to attempt to dissuade him from issuing a statement on the Hume/Adams talks.
1993-09-22 18:00:01 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] During a discussion between Hume and Ó hUiginn on the evening of 22 September 1993, Hume read out a draft statement on the Hume/Adams talks. This session has been created to show the Irish government delegation receiving that proposal.
1993-09-23 09:00:00 Irish-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Ó hUiginn met with Hume in the morning to continue his attempt to dissuade him from issuing a Hume/Adams statement.
1993-09-23 12:00:00 Irish-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] At some point during the day, Hume spoke to Reynolds to discuss his proposal to issue a statement on the Hume/Adams talks.
1993-09-23 12:00:01 Irish-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] After returning from Derry, Ó hUiginn spoke to Hume again to continue his attempt to dissuade him from issuing a Hume/Adams statement.
1993-09-24 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] A revised Irish government draft of the Joint Declaration (JD8) was created and taken by Ó hUiginn to a meeting with Thomas.
1993-09-24 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Thomas handed over the first British draft of the Framework Document to Ó hUiginn. Major replied to Reynolds' letter of 7 September 1993.
1993-09-24 12:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact date and time unknown] At some point before the publication of the Hume/Adams statement, John Hume spoke to Patrick Mayhew to forewarn him.
1993-09-24 12:00:00 Irish-Hume Bilaterals [Exact date and time unknown] Ó hUiginn met with Hume to hear a report of the latter's meeting with Major on 16 September 1993. This conversation may have taken place during previous meetings: we have no record of the date of the meeting, so we have used the date of the minute to model it.
1993-09-24 12:00:01 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Thomas met Ó hUiginn again informally. Ó hUiginn handed over a revised Irish draft of the Joint Declaration (JD8). Thomas went through it with him, in a personal capacity, and made some suggestions on the language. He also handed over the first British draft of the Framework Document that the Liaison Group had been mandated to produce, for the Irish delegation to consider in advance of the meeting on 1 October 1993.
1993-09-24 12:00:02 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] The Irish delegation received the a report of the meeting with Thomas, including a revised version of paragraph 4 worked up by him and Ó hUiginn on an informal basis and the first British draft of the Framework Document.
1993-09-24 12:00:02 British Government [Exact time unknown] The British delegation received a report of the informal meeting between Thomas and Ó hUiginn, including the revised Irish version of the Joint Declaration (JD8) and a further revision of paragraph 4 worked up during the meeting on an informal basis.
1993-09-24 12:00:02 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] Three documents were circulated from an informal bilateral meeting between Ó hUiginn and Thomas: the first British draft of the Framework Agreement; a revised Irish draft of the Joint Declaration (JD8); and a version of paragraph 4 further revised during the meeting.
1993-09-24 12:00:02 Anglo-Irish Liaison Group [Exact time unknown] The first British draft of the Framework Document that the Liaison Group had been mandated to produce was handed over to Ó hUiginn by Thomas during an informal bilateral meeting. Since this meant both delegations had access to it, we have considered it to be on the table in the committee from this point onwards.
1993-09-24 12:00:02 Butler-Nally Meetings [Exact time unknown] Three documents were circulated from an informal bilateral meeting between Ó hUiginn and Thomas: the first British draft of the Framework Agreement; a revised Irish draft of the Joint Declaration (JD8); and a version of paragraph 4 further revised during the meeting.
1993-09-25 12:00:00 Hume-Adams [Exact time unknown] A joint statement was published summarising progress in the discussions and announcing that a report would be made to the Irish Government.
1993-09-25 12:00:01 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] The second Hume-Adams statement was issued on 25 September 1993. It announced that their discussions had made further progress and that they had put a proposal to Dublin. This session has been created to show the statement being received.
1993-09-25 12:00:01 British Government [Exact time unknown] The second Hume-Adams statement was issued on 25 September 1993. It announced that their discussions had made further progress and that they had put a proposal to Dublin. This session has been created to show the statement being received.
1993-09-25 12:00:01 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] The second Hume-Adams statement was issued on 25 September 1993. It announced that their discussions had made further progress and that they had put a proposal to Dublin. This session has been created to show the statement being received.
1993-09-25 12:00:01 Anglo-Irish Liaison Group [Exact time unknown] The second Hume-Adams statement was issued on 25 September 1993. It announced that their discussions had made further progress and that they had put a proposal to Dublin. This session has been created to show the statement being received.
1993-09-25 12:00:01 Butler-Nally Meetings [Exact time unknown] The second Hume-Adams statement was issued on 25 September 1993. It announced that their discussions had made further progress and that they had put a proposal to Dublin. This session has been created to show the statement being received.
1993-09-25 12:00:01 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] The second Hume-Adams statement was issued on 25 September 1993. It announced that their discussions had made further progress and that they had put a proposal to Dublin. This session has been created to show the statement being received.
1993-09-25 12:00:01 Anglo-Irish Intergovernmental Conference: Plenary Sessions [Exact time unknown] The second Hume-Adams statement was issued on 25 September 1993. It announced that their discussions had made further progress and that they had put a proposal to Dublin. This session has been created to show the statement being received.
1993-09-25 12:00:01 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact date and time unknown] The second Hume-Adams statement was issued on 25 September 1993. It announced that their discussions had made further progress and that they had put a proposal to Dublin. The statement was handed over to Quentin Thomas by John Hume at some point over the weekend, during a meeting where they discussed the statement.
1993-09-25 12:00:01 Irish-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] The second Hume-Adams statement was issued on 25 September 1993. It announced that their discussions had made further progress and that they had put a proposal to Dublin. This session has been created to show the statement being received.
1993-09-25 12:00:01 Irish-Magee Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] The second Hume-Adams statement was issued on 25 September 1993. It announced that their discussions had made further progress and that they had put a proposal to Dublin. This session has been created to show the statement being received.
1993-09-25 12:00:01 British-Molyneaux Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] The second Hume-Adams statement was issued on 25 September 1993. It announced that their discussions had made further progress and that they had put a proposal to Dublin. This session has been created to show the statement being received.
1993-09-26 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact date and time unknown] Following the publication of the Hume/Adams statement on 25 September 1993, Quentin Thomas discussed it with Seán Ó hUiginn.
1993-09-27 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Quentin Thomas drafted a letter to Roderic Lyne which included a record of his meeting with Ó hUiginn on 24 September 1993, a copy of JD8 which was handed over during the meeting, and his comments on JD8. It also included a possible British version of paragraph 4 which might or might not be shown to the Irish delegation. This letter was amended and sent. A set of lines to take on Hume/Adams was also established.
1993-09-28 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact date and time unknown] An updated version of paragraph 4 was produced and it was decided that Ó hUiginn would convey it to Thomas.
1993-09-28 12:00:01 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Ó hUiginn telephoned Thomas to convey an updated version of paragraph 4.
1993-09-28 12:00:02 British Government [Exact time unknown] Ó hUiginn telephoned Thomas to convey an updated version of paragraph 4.
1993-09-29 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Tony Beeton wrote to Quentin Thomas and Jonathan Stephens enclosing a speaking note for a meeting between Patrick Mayhew and John Major and notes on the text of JD8. Quentin Thomas forwarded the briefing to Robin Butler.
1993-09-29 12:00:00 Irish-Magee Bilaterals [Exact date and time unknown] Mansergh met Magee to discuss the Maze talks initiative and the mood of the Loyalist paramilitaries following the publication of the Hume-Adams statement on 25 September 1993.
1993-09-30 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] Dermot Nally wrote a brief note on the Joint Declaration initiative.
1993-09-30 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] John Major and Patrick Mayhew met in the margins of the Northern Ireland committee to discuss the Joint Declaration Initiative and ways of taking it forward.
1993-09-30 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Dick Spring and Douglas Hurd had a brief exchange on the Hume/Adams talks and the Joint Declaration initiative.
1993-10-01 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact date and time unknown] The next Irish draft of the Joint Declaration (JD9) was finalised and it was agreed that Seán Ó hUiginn would hand it over to Quentin Thomas in the margins of the Liaison Group.
1993-10-01 12:00:01 Anglo-Irish Liaison Group [Exact time unknown] The Anglo-Irish Liaison Group met to discuss the first British draft of the Framework Document. They went through the draft line by line, reaching the section on North-South relations, which they touched on. The Irish delegation offered detailed commentary on the paper, but tabled no formal amendments. They undertook to provide either specific amendments, an alternative paper, or some combination of the two.
1993-10-01 12:00:02 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Ó hUiginn and Thomas met in the margins of the Liaison Group, and Ó hUiginn handed over the approved next draft of the Joint Declaration (JD9).
1993-10-01 12:00:03 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Editorial session] Major's reply to Reynolds was circulated.
1993-10-01 12:00:04 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] The conclusions of the Liaison Group meeting were received, along with the conclusions of an informal bilateral meeting between Quentin Thomas and Seán Ó hUiginn where they discussed JD9.
1993-10-01 12:00:04 British Government [Exact time unknown] The conclusions of the Liaison Group meeting were received, along with the next Irish draft of the Joint Declaration (JD9) and the conclusions of the bilateral meeting between Quentin Thomas and Seán Ó hUiginn.
1993-10-01 12:00:04 Butler-Nally Meetings [Editorial session] JD9 as considered by Thomas and Ó hUiginn in their informal bilateral meeting became the most up-to-date version of the Joint Declaration. We have created this session to show it being on the table for the next meeting.
1993-10-03 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Quentin Thomas wrote to Tony Beeton regarding the need for two papers: one giving the background to the Joint Declaration initiative and one giving an overall assessment of it. He enclosed a first outline of the latter.
1993-10-04 12:00:00 Irish Government [Editorial session] After Quentin Thomas and Seán Ó hUiginn's informal bilateral meeting on 1 October 1993, changes were made to JD9 to turn it into the version which was negotiated on with the British delegation at a Butler-Nally meeting on 6 October 1993 (JD10). A handwritten note on a copy in Dermot Nally's papers suggests that these changes may have been made by Mansergh on 4 October 1993.
1993-10-04 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Watkins wrote a minute to Quinn following the Liaison Group meeting on 1 October 1993 providing for further work to be done in advance of the next meeting. Tony Beeton drafted a letter to Roderic Lyne enclosing the briefing material for John Major's upcoming meeting with Jim Molyneaux. Patrick Mayhew received several documents for his upcoming interview with the Sunday Telegraph.
1993-10-04 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact date and time unknown] At some point between 1 October 1993 and 4 October 1993, Seán Ó hUiginn phoned Quentin Thomas to warn him that the Taoiseach was firmly against the inclusion of any explicit re-statement of the constitutional guarantee, and ask if an oblique reference to it in paragraph 3 would be acceptable.
1993-10-04 12:00:00 British-Molyneaux Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Patrick Mayhew telephoned Jim Molyneaux to discuss recent developments following Ian Paisley's meeting with Michael Ancram.
1993-10-04 12:00:01 British-Molyneaux Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Patrick Mayhew and Jim Molyneaux met again in person, at Molyneaux's request, to discuss his concerns about Unionist grassroots opinion following his meeting with his party officers.
1993-10-05 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] An early draft of the Irish Press line on meeting John Hume was written.
1993-10-05 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Jonathan Stephens wrote to Roderic Lyne enclosing a speaking note for John Major's use during a meeting scheduled with Jim Molyneaux during the Conservative Party conference in Blackpool.
1993-10-06 11:14:59 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] The latest Irish government redraft of the Joint Declaration (JD10) was handed over during a Butler/Nally meeting on 6 October 1993. The early draft of the Irish Press line on meeting John Hume was also taken to the meeting, although it is unclear whether or not the exact text was shared with the British delegation.
1993-10-06 11:14:59 British Government [Exact time unknown] During the Butler/Nally meeting on 6 October 1993, Robin Butler put proposals to the Irish delegation which originated in a ministerial meeting on 30 September 1993 and were further refined by Quentin Thomas in his briefing material for the meeting, following his own informal bilateral discussion with Seán Ó hUiginn.
1993-10-06 11:15:00 Butler-Nally Meetings The Butler-Nally Group met to discuss the latest version of the Joint Declaration (JD10), and amended it, producing a later draft with amendments ad referendum to the Prime Minister and the Taoiseach (JD11). Butler asked for four assurances from the Irish delegation, which they agreed to convey to the Taoiseach.
1993-10-07 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] The Irish government press line after meeting John Hume was finalised. The version of the Joint Declaration agreed ad referendum during the Butler/Nally meeting on 6 October 1993 (JD11) was reported back. Some amendments were adopted and others were rejected to create a version which was then passed back to the British government on 8 October 1993 (JD12).
1993-10-07 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Quentin Thomas reported back the version of the text which was agreed ad referendum, with some pending amendments, during the Butler-Nally meeting on 6 October 1993 (JD11). He also made some suggestions of his own about what Irish amendments to the text might look like, which caused the versions of JD11 in both Government committees to diverge slightly.
1993-10-08 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Editorial session] The latest Irish draft of the Joint Delegation (JD12) was reported to Quentin Thomas during a phone call with Seán Ó hUiginn. In taking it down, Quentin Thomas accidentally changed the order of the self-determination sentence.
1993-10-08 12:00:00 British-Molyneaux Bilaterals [Exact date and time unknown] John Major was scheduled to meet with Jim Molyneaux during the Conservative Party conference in Blackpool, to reassure him about the British Government's position in the wake of Hume/Adams démarche and the media attention it was receiving.
1993-10-08 12:00:01 British Government [Editorial session] Quentin Thomas reported back the latest Irish draft of the Joint Declaration (JD12), which he had had over the phone from Ó hUiginn. In taking it down, he had accidentally reordered the sentence on self-determination, so the British JD12 at this point diverged slightly from the Irish draft. David Cooke also sent Jonathan Stephens a set of documents for the Prime Minister's use in a meeting.
1993-10-08 12:00:01 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Editorial session] JD12 became the most up-to-date version of the Joint Declaration.
1993-10-11 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Tony Beeton submitted a draft of a background brief on the Joint Declaration initiative. He also submitted a copy of a draft on the historical background of the Joint Declaration, although David Cooke had decided not to include this alongside a proposed minute and a list of key considerations about the joint declaration in a briefing package for a meeting on 14th October 1993.
1993-10-11 12:00:00 Irish-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] John Hume met the Taoiseach to discuss the Hume/Adams statement and the Joint Declaration initiative.
1993-10-12 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] John Chilcot and Patrick Mayhew discussed the Joint Declaration and amended David Cooke's proposed wording for an amendment to paragraph 4. The minute to John Major recommending next steps was sent, with a final version of the British proposed amendment to paragraph 4 of JD12.
1993-10-12 12:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] John Chilcot met John Hume to discuss the Hume/Adams statement and the Joint Declaration initiative.
1993-10-13 11:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Cooke wrote a message addressing the second point of Watkins' minute of 1 October 1993. Tony Beeton wrote to Jonathan Stephens enclosing several documents regarding a meeting with the Prime Minister. David Fell met the journalist Eamonn Mallie for lunch.
1993-10-14 11:00:00 Anglo-Irish Liaison Group The Anglo-Irish Liaison Group continued to discuss the first British draft of the Framework Document. The Irish delegation offered some specific amendments to the first section of the paper, and offered comments and suggestions on the remainder of it. They undertook to produce their own draft by the next meeting of the Group.
1993-10-14 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] John Major and Patrick Mayhew met to discuss the Joint Declaration initiative.
1993-10-14 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Seán Ó hUiginn and Quentin Thomas had a brief discussion of JD12 in the margins of a Liaison Group meeting. Ó hUiginn was disappointed that a British decision was not more quickly forthcoming. Thomas attempted to push the idea that a more explicit reference to the constitutional guarantee was needed.
1993-10-14 16:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] A ministerial briefing meeting on the Joint Declaration was held in the late afternoon.
1993-10-15 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown]
1993-10-18 09:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] A ministerial meeting was held in the morning to discuss the Joint Declaration initiative. It was agreed that a reference to the constitutional guarantee was necessary, and that the text should be put to Molyneaux that afternoon.
1993-10-18 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Various briefing documents were produced in advance of John Major's meeting with Jim Molyneaux.
1993-10-18 14:00:00 British-Molyneaux Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] John Major met with Jim Molyneaux in the afternoon to brief him, on a privy council basis, on the Joint Declaration. He was shown an intelligence assessment and the text of JD12A. His assessment of the initiative was overwhelmingly negative.
1993-10-19 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Briefing material was created for a meeting between Robin Butler and Albert Reynolds. The British Government were refusing to proceed on the basis of JD12.
1993-10-20 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Quentin Thomas prepared a paper assessing the possible Unionist reaction to the Joint Declaration Initiative, which would be shown to Albert Reynolds alongside the sanitised assessment of the PIRA attitude to it. John Major wrote a manuscript letter to Albert Reynolds indicating his decision not to proceed with JD12.
1993-10-20 12:00:01 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] Robin Butler met Albert Reynolds and Dick Spring to hand over a letter from John Major outlining his decision not to proceed with JD12. The tone of the meeting was apparently cordial, but the Taoiseach was deeply disappointed by this decision.
1993-10-20 12:00:02 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] The Irish government received the conclusions of the meeting between Robin Butler and Albert Reynolds.
1993-10-21 10:20:00 Anglo-Irish Liaison Group The Anglo-Irish Liaison Group met to continue their discussion of the Framework Document. The Irish delegation had produced a draft, but were unable to table it in the absence of ministerial approval. Having previously exhausted discussion on the first British draft, the meeting worked through a makeweight agenda and adjourned for lunch.
1993-10-21 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Quentin Thomas, David Cooke and Seán Ó hUiginn met in the margins of the Liaison Group to discuss John Major's decision not to proceed with the Joint Declaration. Ó hUiginn said that this decision had been very badly received.
1993-10-21 12:00:00 Irish-Eames Bilaterals [Exact date and time unknown] The Taoiseach resolved to show JD12 to Archbishop Eames during a meeting with Robin Butler on 20 October 1993. On 22 October 1993, Eames reported to John Chilcot that he had been shown JD12 and met the Taoiseach twice. We can therefore infer that it is likely he met with Reynolds on 21 October 1993.
1993-10-22 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Quentin Thomas prepared a handling plan for the upcoming IGC in light of the fallout caused by the British Government rejection of the Joint Declaration.
1993-10-22 12:00:00 British-Eames Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] John Chilcot met Archbishop Robin Eames to see how far the Irish had got with briefing him on the Joint Declaration Initiative. He had met the Taoiseach twice and been shown JD12. He engaged to do his best to contain Protestant reaction and sought a meeting with Patrick Mayhew or John Major.
1993-10-27 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Various material was produced in advance of the meeting between Albert Reynolds and John Major on 29 October 1993.
1993-10-27 20:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] During the Dáil Éireann debate on Northern Ireland, Dick Spring gave a speech enumerating six principles for peace which related to the discussions happening on the Joint Declaration.
1993-10-28 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Various material was produced in advance of the meeting between Albert Reynolds and John Major on 29 October 1993.
1993-10-28 12:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] John Hume rang John Chilcot to urge continued work on the Joint Declaration. Hume suggested attempts were being made on his life. He also reported concerns regarding the Irish Government's indirect dialogue with the Provisionals, via Father Alec Reid. They also discussed Dick Spring's six principles speech to the Dáil.
1993-10-29 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Versions of the statement issuing from the 29 October 1993 meeting between Albert Reynolds and John Major in Brussels continued to be exchanged.
1993-10-29 12:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] Reynolds and Major met in Brussels and issued a Joint Statement.
1993-10-29 12:00:01 Irish Government [Exact date and time unknown: editorial session] John Major and Albert Reynolds issued a Joint Statement.
1993-10-29 12:00:01 British Government [Exact date and time unknown: editorial session] John Major and Albert Reynolds issued a Joint Statement.
1993-10-29 12:00:01 Butler-Nally Meetings [Exact date and time unknown: editorial session] John Major and Albert Reynolds issued a Joint Statement.
1993-10-29 12:00:01 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact date and time unknown: editorial session] John Major and Albert Reynolds issued a Joint Statement.
1993-10-30 12:00:00 Archbishop Eames [Exact date and time unknown] In response to his meetings with the Taoiseach, Archbishop Eames wrote some text for inclusion in the Joint Declaration which he thought would help address Unionist concerns.
1993-10-31 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Draft paragraphs on Northern Ireland were submitted for inclusion in John Major's planned speech to the House on 1 November 1993, which would focus on the European Summit in Brussels on 29 October 1993 and on his meeting with Albert Reynolds in the margins of it.
1993-11-01 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] A revised draft for Prime Minister's statement to the House on the European Council and on Northern Ireland was submitted, and the statement was made. Quentin Thomas submitted a briefing pack for a meeting between John Hume and either John Major or Patrick Mayhew.
1993-11-02 12:00:00 Irish-Eames Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] The earliest draft of the Joint Declaration with Eames' additions that we have found, in Dermot Nally's papers, is dated 2 November 1993. We have shown the amendments being made in this committee for now, but hope to find a more detailed record of exactly when and how Eames made his suggestions.
1993-11-02 12:00:01 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] The Joint Declaration was returned, incorporating Eames' suggestions.
1993-11-03 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Briefing material was prepared for a meeting between John Major and John Hume on 4 November 1993.
1993-11-03 12:00:00 Anglo-Irish Intergovernmental Conference: Plenary Sessions [Exact time unknown] A 'semi-restricted' session was held as part of the Anglo-Irish Intergovernmental Conference meeting on 3 November 1993. The Joint Declaration was under discussion.
1993-11-04 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Dick Spring spoke to Patrick Mayhew. The Tanaiste gave a summary of the Taoiseach's meeting with John Hume and spoke about continued work on the Joint Declaration following meetings with Unionist clergymen.
1993-11-04 12:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] John Major, Patrick Mayhew and John Chilcot were scheduled to meet John Hume on this day to explain the British decision not to proceed with the Joint Declaration.
1993-11-05 12:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] John Major met John Hume to discuss the Joint Declaration Initiative.
1993-11-08 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] The possibility of constructing an alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration was discussed.
1993-11-08 12:00:01 British Government [Exact time unknown] Quentin Thomas briefed Robin Butler and Jonathan Stephens on the upcoming Butler/Nally meeting scheduled for 10 November 1993. David Cooke submitted supplementary briefing material for John Major for his meetings with Molyneaux and Paisley on 9 November 1993.
1993-11-09 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] The Irish government delegation made further amendments to those proposed by Archbishop Eames on 2 November 1993 and then adopted them. They shared the updated draft (JD13) with the British delegation. Some briefing points were also created on the new draft in advance of the meeting.
1993-11-09 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Quentin Thomas submitted the first draft of an alternative British version of the Joint Declaration.
1993-11-09 12:00:01 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Seán Ó hUiginn sent a copy of JD13 to Quentin Thomas by special messenger.
1993-11-09 12:00:02 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown: editorial session] From this point onwards, the most up-to-date version of the Joint Declaration on the table was JD13.
1993-11-09 12:00:04 British-Molyneaux Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Jim Molyneaux met with John Major to discuss the recent joint statement, Hume/Adams, and a potential cessation of violence.
1993-11-10 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Quentin Thomas reported JD13, and prepared a paper analysing its contents.
1993-11-10 12:00:00 Butler-Nally Meetings [Exact time unknown] The Butler-Nally group met to discuss the Joint Declaration initiative. The new copy of the Joint Declaration, JD13, with Archbishop Eames' additions, was on the table. The British delegation made it clear that they were still under instructions not to proceed with the Joint Declaration initiative. The Irish delegation threatened recriminations. The atmosphere was severely strained.
1993-11-10 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Martin Mansergh had lunch with David Blatherwick. They discussed the questions of a 'peace framework', including positions on the Joint Declaration. Mansergh reported that the PIRA had rejected JD12.
1993-11-11 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] Reynolds sent a letter to Major protesting British refusal to engage with the Joint Declaration Initiative.
1993-11-11 12:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] John Hume phoned John Chilcot to inquire about progress on the Joint Declaration initiative.
1993-11-11 12:00:01 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] Reynolds sent a letter to Major protesting British refusal to engage with the Joint Declaration Initiative.
1993-11-11 12:00:01 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Quentin Thomas had a phone call with Seán Ó hUiginn. They discussed progress, or lack thereof, on both the Talks and the Joint Declaration.
1993-11-11 12:00:02 British Government [Exact time unknown] Quentin Thomas reported back on the Butler/Nally meeting on 10 November 1993 and outlined suggested next steps. He also reported his phone call with Ó hUiginn. Drafts of a letter to Reynolds from Major were written, but the letter was not sent because Major received a letter from Reynolds first, protesting British refusal to engage with the Joint Declaration Initiative. A draft passage on Northern Ireland for the Lord Mayor's Banquet Speech was also submitted.
1993-11-11 18:30:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Dick Spring phoned Patrick Mayhew to express his disappointment at the line taken during the Butler/Nally meeting on 10 November 1993. Patrick Mayhew took the position that the Joint Declaration Initiative had not been rejected outright and that the British Government was prepared to take risks to achieve an end to violence.
1993-11-11 19:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] At the annual DFA dinner for the diplomatic corps, Fergus Finlay told John Dew that the Taoiseach was seriously frustrated with the British attitude to the Joint Declaration initiative.
1993-11-12 09:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Jonathan Stephens sent a letter to Roderic Lyne including an assessment of the present position and next steps on the Joint Declaration Initiative. Attached at Annex B was an updated version of the Alternative British Draft of the Joint Declaration (12 November Draft).
1993-11-12 12:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] Roderic Lyne and David Blatherwick met with Albert Reynolds, and then with Martin Mansergh and Seán Ó hUiginn over dinner, to discuss the British and Irish government's respective positions on the Joint Declaration initiative. The Irish emphasised that they would go ahead with it with or without the British.
1993-11-13 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Patrick Mayhew handed over a copy of JD13 to Archbishop Eames for him to propose further amendments to to the Taoiseach.
1993-11-13 12:00:01 British-Eames Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Patrick Mayhew met with Archbishop Robin Eames to discuss the Joint Declaration. Eames was much less enthusiastic about JD13 than he had been reported to be by the Taoiseach. He said that he had not promised to back it, and agreed to make this clear to Reynolds, and to press for further amendments. These would now include a recognition of the constitutional guarantee, which he had not previously thought necessary.
1993-11-13 12:00:02 Archbishop Eames [Exact time unknown] Archbishop Robin Eames took a copy of JD13 away with him from a bilateral meeting with Patrick Mayhew. He also took away the conclusions of that meeting, which included instructions from the British Government to press for further amendments to JD13 regarding the constitutional guarantee and amendment of Articles 2 & 3.
1993-11-15 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] A paper was submitted outlining objections to JD13 from a Unionist perspective, and specifically to Archbishop Eames' additions. Roderic Lyne sent a letter to Martin Mansergh enclosing a statement on Northern Ireland that the Prime Minister intended to deliver as part of his speech to the Lord Mayor's banquet.
1993-11-15 12:00:01 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Roderic Lyne sent a letter to Martin Mansergh enclosing a statement on Northern Ireland that the Prime Minister intended to deliver as part of his speech to the Lord Mayor's banquet.
1993-11-15 12:00:02 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] Roderic Lyne sent a letter to Martin Mansergh enclosing a statement on Northern Ireland that the Prime Minister intended to deliver as part of his speech to the Lord Mayor's banquet. The Taoiseach responded to Major's reply to his letter criticising British refusal to engage with JD13.
1993-11-16 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact date and time unknown] Robin Eames reported to John Major on 18 November 1993 that Albert Reynolds had given him a letter to hand over to Jim Molyneaux. Since we know that Eames and Reynolds met on 16 November 1993, we have inferred that the letter was written and handed over to Eames then.
1993-11-16 12:00:00 Archbishop Eames [Exact time unknown] During a meeting on the evening of this day, Archbishop Eames proposed three further amendments to the Joint Declaration to Albert Reynolds.
1993-11-16 15:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] John Hume phoned John Chilcot to explain that he was refusing interviews, but had put a statement on tape.
1993-11-16 18:00:00 Irish-Eames Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Archbishop Eames spoke to Albert Reynolds and persuaded him to make further changes to the text of the Joint Declaration, producing what the British would label JD14.
1993-11-16 18:00:01 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] The version of the Joint Declaration with the amendments agreed between Robin Eames and Albert Reynolds was reported back to the Irish government delegation.
1993-11-16 18:00:01 Archbishop Eames [Exact time unknown] Eames took a copy of the Joint Declaration as agreed between him and the Taoiseach back with him.
1993-11-17 14:00:00 British-Eames Bilaterals Archbishop Robin Eames rang Jonathan Stephens to report the amendments he had proposed to the Taoiseach on 16 November 1993.
1993-11-17 14:00:01 British Government [Exact time unknown] Jonathan Stephens reported back the amendments to JD13 that Eames had indicated over the phone. These amendments were reportedly slightly differently from how they had been made by Eames and the Irish Government to produce what was handed over on 18 November 1993 as JD14. Briefing material was also produced for the upcoming meeting between John Major and Jim Molyneaux.
1993-11-17 16:15:00 British Government An informal Ministerial meeting on Northern Ireland was held between John Major, Patrick Mayhew, Douglas Hurd, John Chilcot and Robin Butler. It was agreed to seriously consider putting forward an alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration. The current draft was discussed, amendments were made, and it was decided that the NIO would write up a further draft based on those amendments.
1993-11-18 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] David Cooke submitted an updated version of the alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration, based on the amendments made during the informal Northern Ireland Ministerial meeting on 17 November 1993. This updated version was shown to Archbishop Robin Eames during John Major's bilateral meeting with him later in the day.]
1993-11-18 12:00:00 Archbishop Eames [Exact time unknown] Archbishop Eames showed a copy of JD14 to Jim Molyneaux on 18 November 1993, before his bilateral meeting with John Major.
1993-11-18 12:00:01 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Roderic Lyne spoke to Martin Mansergh over the phone about the latest version of the Joint Declaration (JD14) and the role of Archbishop Eames.
1993-11-18 12:00:01 Eames-Molyneaux Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Robin Eames and Jim Molyneaux had a bilateral meeting to discuss the latest version of the Joint Declaration (JD14). Molyneaux was unhappy with some of the language and suggested amendments.
1993-11-18 16:00:00 British-Eames Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Archbishop Robin Eames handed over the latest version of the Joint Declaration (JD14) to John Major, and they discussed the status of the initiative. Eames had discussed the draft with Jim Molyneaux earlier in the day and gave a report of that meeting.
1993-11-18 16:00:01 British Government [Exact time unknown] Following a bilateral meeting with Archbishop Robin Eames, JD14 and an amendment proposed to it by Jim Molyneaux were reported back by the British government delegation.
1993-11-18 16:00:01 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Editorial session] From this point onwards, both delegations had sight of JD14.
1993-11-19 09:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] On the morning of 19 November 1993, the Irish Press published the Irish draft of the framework document that had been promised to the British government but not provided.
1993-11-19 09:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] On the morning of 19 November 1993, the Irish Press published the Irish draft of the framework document that had been promised to the British government but not provided.
1993-11-19 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Roderic Lyne spoke to Martin Mansergh to advise caution in the Taoiseach's appearance on the Frost programme on Sunday morning. The Irish Press leak of the Irish draft Framework document was also discussed, and Mansergh reported that JD14 had been shown to John Hume, which worried Lyne.
1993-11-19 12:00:00 Eames-Molyneaux Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Archbishop Robin Eames spoke to Jim Molyneaux about the leak of the Irish draft framework paper. Molyneaux was very agitated and withdrew from any involvement in the text of the Joint Declaration.
1993-11-20 12:00:00 Hume-Adams [Exact time unknown] A Hume/Adams Statement was issued.
1993-11-20 16:00:00 British-Eames Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Patrick Mayhew and Archbishop Robin Eames spoke over the phone to discuss the leak of the Irish draft framework paper and Jim Molyneaux's position, which he had spoken to Eames about on the previous day.
1993-11-20 18:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] John Major and Albert Reynolds had a phone conversation on the evening of 20 November 1993. They discussed the Joint Declaration initiative, the Hume/Adams Statement, and the Irish draft framework document leak.
1993-11-21 09:00:00 British-Molyneaux Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Patrick Mayhew spoke to Jim Molyneaux over the phone to discuss the leak of the Irish draft framework paper.
1993-11-21 16:00:00 British-Molyneaux Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] John Major and Jim Molyneaux had a phone conversation on the evening of 20 November 1993. They discussed the Hume/Adams Statement and the Irish draft framework document leak.
1993-11-23 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] A ministerial meeting was held on Northern Ireland. It was ultimately decided to sound out Molyneaux's views on the alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration, and then to put it to the Irish Government in place of their own current draft (JD14).
1993-11-23 12:00:01 British Government [Exact time unknown] Jonathan Stephens wrote to Roderic Lyne enclosing the work commissioned at the Ministerial meeting earlier in the day. This included a further draft of the alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration; a commentary on that draft; a speaking note for the Prime Minister to use in his meeting with Mr Molyneaux; a draft letter for the Prime Minister to send to the Taoiseach; a speaking note for Sir Robin Butler to use during handover of the letter and the alternative draft; and the article in the "Irish Press" of 19 November 1993.
1993-11-24 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] The alternative British draft was shared with Jim Molyneaux during a bilateral meeting with Patrick Mayhew.
1993-11-24 12:00:00 British-Molyneaux Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] John Major met with Jim Molyneaux to discuss an alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration.
1993-11-25 12:00:00 British-Molyneaux Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Patrick Mayhew met with Jim Molyneaux in order to show him the text of the alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration. Molyneaux indicated that he would acquiesce in it subject to several small amendments.
1993-11-25 12:00:01 British Government [Exact time unknown] The British Government received Molyneaux's comments on the alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration and the draft was updated to reflect them. The letter from John Major to Albert Reynolds and the speaking note for Roderic Lyne were also updated.
1993-11-26 12:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] Robin Butler and David Blatherwick met Albert Reynolds to hand over an alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration and a letter from John Major explaining that he thought JD14 would not be saleable to the Unionists, and laying out the rationale behind the alternative draft. Reynolds was very angry.
1993-11-26 12:00:01 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] The alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration was reported back following an acrimonious meeting.
1993-11-27 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Martin Mansergh rang David Blatherwick to pass on the Taoiseach's confirmation of his dissatisfaction and anger at the submission of an alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration.
1993-11-29 10:20:00 British-Molyneaux Bilaterals Jim Molyneaux met with Michael Ancram and John Major for nearly an hour at the House of Commons. They discussed the possibility of amending JD14 to meet Molyneaux's requirements, which he was fairly relaxed about, and agreed to hold a meeting on 30 November 1993 to discuss the text in detail.
1993-11-29 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] Albert Reynolds sent a letter to John Major expressing his disappointment and anger at the submission of an alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration.
1993-11-29 12:00:00 SDLP [Exact time unknown] John Hume wrote a letter to John Major expressing concern at the possible loss of an opportunity for peace.
1993-11-29 12:00:01 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] Albert Reynolds sent a letter to John Major expressing his disappointment and anger at the submission of an alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration.
1993-11-29 12:00:02 British Government [Exact time unknown] Albert Reynolds sent a letter to John Major expressing his disappointment and anger at the submission of an alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration. Quentin Thomas submitted a possible draft of a unilateral British government declaration.
1993-11-29 13:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals Martin Mansergh phoned Roderic Lyne to complain about possible British briefing of the Telegraph and the leaks of contacts between HMG and PIRA.
1993-11-29 18:00:00 British Government An internal British government meeting was held to plan next steps with the Irish government on the JDI.
1993-11-29 19:20:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings John Major and Albert Reynolds had a phone call to discuss the Joint Declaration, the divergent views of the two governments and the upcoming Anglo-Irish Summit.
1993-11-29 20:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Late in the evening, John Chilcot spoke to John Hume about the JDI and the prospects for peace. Hume was concerned and disappointed by the British government's approach.
1993-11-30 09:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] An Irish cabinet meeting was held in the morning. One of the topics under discussion was whether to proceed with the Anglo-Irish Summit on 3 December 1993.
1993-11-30 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] During a bilateral meeting with Jim Molyneaux later in the day, Michael Ancram tabled a version of JD14 which incorporated Molyneaux's previous amendment and also the addition of language about the constitutional guarantee which the British government had previously included in JD12A. During a bilateral meeting with Robin Eames, Chris Maccabe showed him the 25 November alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration.
1993-11-30 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Roderic Lyne telephoned the Taoiseach's private secretary to ask whether the summit could be announced and was told it could not be.
1993-11-30 12:00:00 British-Eames Bilaterals Chris Maccabe met with Archbishop Robin Eames to show him a copy of the alternative British draft of the Joint Declaration. Eames was unimpressed: he said it posed no issues for Unionists but did not offer much for the Irish government.
1993-11-30 12:00:01 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Seán Ó hUiginn was sent to tell David Blatherwick that the summit would only be on if the Irish Joint Declaration were to be the product of the meeting.
1993-11-30 12:00:01 British-Molyneaux Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] James Molyneaux met with Michael Ancram and Roderic Lyne for nearly two hours in the House of Commons to discuss the alternative British draft of the joint statement and JD14.
1993-11-30 12:00:02 British Government [Exact time unknown] A copy of JD14 as amended to be shown to Molyneaux was reported back to the British government. With some further amendments, this became JD14A.
1993-11-30 12:00:02 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Roderic Lyne spoke again to the Taoiseach's private secretary to advise him to reconsider the position advanced by Seán Ó hUiginn to David Blatherwick.
1993-11-30 15:00:00 British-Eames Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Archbishop Robin Eames spoke to Roderic Lyne over the phone in advance of a meeting between Eames and Albert Reynolds on 1 December 1993. Eames wanted to check whether any changes had been made to the British draft and Lyne asked him to be as frank as possible regarding Unionist difficulties with Hume/Adams.
1993-11-30 18:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] In the early evening, Martin Mansergh phoned Roderic Lyne to discuss the different drafts of the Joint Declaration. They agreed to put two options to their principals – either a working meeting on Friday, or postponement of the Summit.
1993-11-30 18:00:01 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] Mansergh reported to Reynolds that the two options he had discussed with Rod Lyne were a working meeting or postponement. Reynolds preferred the latter option.
1993-11-30 18:00:01 British Government [Exact time unknown] Lyne reported to Major that the two options he had discussed with Martin Mansergh were a working meeting or postponement. Major preferred the former option.
1993-11-30 18:00:02 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Further consultation took place, and it was agreed to hold a working meeting on Friday 3 December 1993, subject to approval by the Tanaiste. It was envisaged to hold a further meeting to reach final agreement before Christmas.
1993-12-01 12:00:00 Irish-Eames Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] A meeting was held between Archbishop Robin Eames and Albert Reynolds on 1 December 1993.
1993-12-01 12:00:01 British-Eames Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Archbishop Eames telephoned Roderic Lyne to give a report of his meeting with Albert Reynolds.
1993-12-01 12:00:02 British Government [Exact time unknown] Further amendments were made to JD14 as shown to and amended by Jim Molyneaux during a bilateral meeting on 30 November 1993 to produce JD14A.
1993-12-02 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Dick Spring met Douglas Hurd to discuss the Joint Declaration.
1993-12-02 12:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] A letter from John Hume expressing concern at the possible loss of an opportunity for peace was handed over to John Major in the House of Commons.
1993-12-02 12:00:00 Sinn Féin [Exact time unknown] A statement was released clarifying British government contacts with the PIRA.
1993-12-02 12:00:01 British Government [Exact time unknown] A letter from John Hume expressing concern at the possible loss of an opportunity for peace was handed over to John Major in the House of Commons. Extensive briefing material was submitted for the Anglo-Irish summit on 3 December 1993.
1993-12-02 12:00:01 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Joseph Small called on John Chilcot to try and convince him of the necessity of movement on the Joint Declaration Initiative. He also warned him that the revelation of contacts between the British government and the PIRA had caused a lot of anger in Dublin.
1993-12-02 18:00:00 British-Hume Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] On the evening of 2 December 1993, John Hume met with Patrick Mayhew to discuss the Joint Declaration Initiative.
1993-12-03 11:20:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings The tête-à-tête meeting between John Major and Albert Reynolds began with an unminuted conversation between the two of them. Martin Mansergh and Roderic Lyne joined the meeting at 11.50. The two leaders agreed on their objectives and on the need to produce an acceptable text. They discussed the position of the PIRA, the Loyalist paramilitaries, and the Unionist politicians. They agreed to look at the Joint Declaration together after lunch with their delegations.
1993-12-03 11:30:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings Dick Spring, Patrick Mayhew, Douglas Hurd and Máire Geoghegan-Quinn met in parallel with the tête-à-tête meeting between the Prime Minister and the Taoiseach, along with a large array of officials on each side. The main topic under discussion was British government contacts with the PIRA and Irish recriminations. Both delegations then went on to offer assessments of PIRA and Loyalist paramilitary positions.
1993-12-03 14:55:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings Following lunch, a plenary session was held to go through JD14 paragraph by paragraph. The Irish delegation proposed two amendments: the British delegation proposed 14. Many of these amendments included language mined from the alternative British draft, or suggested by Jim Molyneaux. The Taoiseach considered that the amendments proposed would completely upend the balance of the text, and that it would have no chance of ending violence under those circumstances. The meeting broke for half an hour so that both delegations could confer internally.
1993-12-03 17:10:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings The Taoiseach indicated that the Irish delegation had considered the British amendments and still felt they upended the balance of the text. Four of them in particular were dealbreakers. After some intense back and forth on the necessity of the constitutional guarantee, it was agreed that Robin Butler and Dermot Nally would go through the text in detail before Brussels. Both sides threatened to issue a unilateral declaration if agreement were not reached.
1993-12-03 18:00:01 Irish Government [Exact date and time unknown; editorial session] From this point onwards, the amendments to JD14 were under consideration.
1993-12-03 18:00:01 British Government [Exact date and time unknown; editorial session] From this point onwards, the amendments to JD14 were under consideration.
1993-12-03 18:00:01 Butler-Nally Meetings [Exact date and time unknown; editorial session] From this point onwards, the amendments to JD14 were under consideration.
1993-12-05 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] The conclusions of the Anglo-Irish Summit were formally reported back to the British government delegation.
1993-12-06 12:00:00 Irish Government [Exact time unknown] Albert Reynolds wrote a letter to John Major.
1993-12-06 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Quentin Thomas submitted briefing material in advance of a Butler/Nally meeting on 7 December 1993.
1993-12-07 12:00:00 Butler-Nally Meetings [Exact time unknown] A Butler/Nally meeting was held to discuss the text as it emerged from the Anglo-Irish summit on 3 December 1993.
1993-12-07 12:00:00 British-Eames Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Roderic Lyne spoke to Robin Eames to update and reassure him on the Joint Declaration initiative.
1993-12-08 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Martin Mansergh telephoned Roderic Lyne to discuss the Joint Declaration. Both sides reported on the Prime Minister and the Taoiseach's attitudes to amendments on the table, and further amendments were signalled.
1993-12-09 09:00:00 British Government The Prime Minister held a ministerial meeting to discuss the Joint Declaration initiative. Various items of work were commissioned.
1993-12-09 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Briefing material was produced in advance of the meeting between John Major and Albert Reynolds in the margins of the EC Summit on 10/11 December 1993.
1993-12-09 18:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Robin Butler met with Martin Mansergh to discuss the working text of the Joint Declaration and exchange amendments.
1993-12-10 11:30:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals Roderic Lyne met with Martin Mansergh, Noel Dorr and Seán Ó hUiginn to discuss the Joint Declaration and various proposals of amendment.
1993-12-10 15:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] John Major and Albert Reynolds met to discuss the Joint Declaration. Roderic Lyne and Martin Mansergh were also present. Both sides were concerned about the issue of balance, and Albert Reynolds criticised the line Roderic Lyne had taken with officials in the morning.
1993-12-11 12:00:00 Informal British-Irish Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Roderic Lyne met with Martin Mansergh, Seán Ó hUiginn, and Noel Dorr to continue the conversation of the previous day on the Joint Declaration. The atmosphere was increasingly hostile and unproductive.
1993-12-13 15:45:00 Butler-Nally Meetings Robin Butler and Dermot Nally met to discuss the text of the Joint Declaration. They narrowed the issues down to '2 1/2 substantive points'.
1993-12-14 12:00:00 British Government [Exact time unknown] Roderic Lyne reported amendments to the Joint Declaration to John Major.
1993-12-14 18:00:00 British-Eames Bilaterals [Exact time unknown] Roderic Lyne met with Robin Eames to brief him on the plan to issue the Joint Declaration on the following day. He emphasised that supportive comments from the Archbishop would be welcomed.
1993-12-15 12:00:00 Prime Minister-Taoiseach Meetings [Exact time unknown] Albert Reynolds and John Major agreed and issued the final version of the Joint Declaration (JD20).

Sessions Chart

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Negotiation Statistics

Sources

11 historical records used for this dataset.

Process

26 committees met in 443 sessions.

Average 40.27 sessions each.

Dates

Dates from Friday, 01 May 1987 to Wednesday, 15 December 1993.

People

109 people in 7 voting delegations.

Top 5 most active people are:

Summary of person events:

  • Person join icon 328 join a committee.
  • Person leave icon 165 leave a committee.
  • Person elect icon elections to a position.

Procedures

447 procedural motions considered.

Summary of procedural events:

  • Procedural motion icon 447 procedural motion proposed.
  • Debate motion icon 303 motions debated.

Documents

158 documents considered with 264 amendments presented.

Summary of document events:

  • Create a new document proposal 158 new documents created.
  • Document copied 205 documents passed from another committee.
  • Document amended 238 amendments to a document proposed.
  • Debate a document proposal 346 debates on a proposal.

Decisions

587 number of decisions made.

Summary of decision made:

  • Vote adopt icon 268 proposals adopted.
  • Vote reject icon 61 proposals rejected.
  • Vote refer icon 155 proposals referred to another committee.
  • Postpone debate icon 16 debate of a proposal postponed.
  • Vote drop icon 15 proposal dropped from discussion without a formal vote.
  • Vote drop icon 11 some other decision on a proposal.

List of proposals by delegation

List of proposals by person

Writing Peace: John Alderdice Collection

From the mid-1980s, John, now Lord, Alderdice, was intimately involved in the Irish peace process. His archive spans more than thirty years of negotiation and implementation, from his early days in the Alliance Party in the 1980s, through his leadership of the party during several phases of multi-party talks in the 1990s, to the implementation of the Good Friday Agreement during his time as the first Speaker of the new Northern Ireland Assembly. It also includes a small section on the Sunningdale Conference, inherited from previous party leaders, as a testimony to the origins of the 1998 Agreement.

The section of Lord Alderdice's archive digitized as part of this project focuses primarily on his role in the Multi-Party Talks of the 1990s. A wider collection of his papers, documenting his contribution to liberal politics and conflict resolution in other countries, is held in the McClay Library at Queen’s University in Belfast.

The Alderdice papers to which Quill originally had access were catalogued and arranged chronologically in three subsections, 1985-1992 (particularly focusing on 1991-1992), 1992-1995, and 1996-1998, representing the three main attempts to reach agreement in the 1990s. Papers handed over by Lord Alderdice after this initial cataloguing process had been completed are currently in a separate box and span the whole period. This collection was catalogued and digitized by Ruth Murray, Harriet Carter, Sofia Panourgias and Annabel Harris.

Writing Peace: Dermot Nally Collection

This collection is one box (P254) from a larger selection of Dermot Nally's papers held in the University College Dublin Archives. The documents in the box relate to the development of the Downing Street Joint Declaration, made by the British and Irish Governments in 1993. Dermot Nally led the Irish government team during the negotiations. The collection was digitised in July 2023 by Kate Manning, the Principal Archivist at UCD, and the catalogue was written by Niamh Collins.

Writing Peace: The National Archives of the UK (TNA)

A selection of material relating to the Northern Irish Peace Process scanned at The National Archives. The files are mainly taken from the CJ 4 series (Northern Ireland Office records) and the PREM series (Office of the Prime Minister records). The organization of the files reflects their physical location within the Archive at Kew. Documents collated and catalogued by Annabel Harris, Ruth Murray, Harriet Carter, Isha Pareek, Oliver Nicholls, Kieran Wetherwick, and Cerys Griffiths.

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