United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866

An amendment to the Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal rights, both civil and legal, to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated by the thirteenth amendment.

Michigan Delegation

This is one of the 41 delegations in the convention, accounting for 8 of 275 people who took part.

Members (8):

Name Visualize Details Delegations
Fernando C. Beaman Visualize (28 June, 1814 -- 27 September, 1882) Beaman was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Chester, Vt., Beaman studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1838, commencing practice in Manchester, Michigan. Beaman was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-seventh and to the four succeeding Congresses serving from March 4th, 1861 to March 3rd, 1871. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Michigan Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Michigan Delegation (This negotiation) , Michigan Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Michigan Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
Zachariah Chandler Visualize (10 December, 1813 -- 1 November, 1879) Chandler was an American businessman and politician. Born in Bedford, N.H., Chandler was the mayor of Detroit in 1851. Chandler was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1857, reelected in 1863, and reelected again in 1869 serving from March 4th, 1857 to March 3rd, 1875. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Michigan Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Michigan Delegation (This negotiation) , Michigan Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Michigan Delegation (United States Nineteenth Amendment and Edmunds Tucker Act) , Michigan Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
John F. Driggs Visualize (8 March, 1813 -- 17 December, 1877) Driggs was an American politician, mechanic, businessman, and educator. Born in Kinderhook, N.Y., Driggs moved to Michigan in 1856 and worked in the real estate business. Driggs was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth, and Fortieth Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Michigan Delegation (This negotiation) , Michigan Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Michigan Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
Thomas W. Ferry Visualize "(June 10, 1827 -- October 13, 1896) Thomas White Ferry was a merchant, public servant, and American politician. Ferry was born in the old mission house of the Astor Fur Company on Mackinac Island, Michigan. Ferry was a member of the State house of representatives from 1850 to 1852 and a member of the State senate in 1856. He was also a delegate to the Loyalist Convention at Philadelphia in 1866. He was elected as a Republican to the 39th, 40th, 41st, and 42nd (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1871) but resigned from the 42nd Congress because he was elected a senator. He was elected to the United States Senate in 1871 and reelected in 1877 serving from March 4, 1871 to March 3, 1883, and was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1882. During this time, he served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the 44th and 45th Congresses, chairman of the Committee on Rules (43rd - 45th Congresses), on the Committee on Post Office and Post Roads (45th and 47thn congresses), presided over the impeachment of Secretary of War William Belknap and over 16 joint meetings of the Senate and house of Representatives during Hayes-Tilden presidential electoral contest in 1877. [Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=F000095]" Michigan Delegation (This negotiation) , Michigan Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
Jacob M. Howard Visualize (10 July, 1805 -- 2 April, 1871) Howard was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Bennington County, Vt., Howard studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1833. Howard was a member of the State house of representatives (1838) and was elected as a Whig to the Twenty-seventh Congress. Subsequently, Howard was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Kinsley S. Bingham and reelected in 1865. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Michigan Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Michigan Delegation (This negotiation) , Michigan Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Michigan Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
John W. Longyear Visualize (22 October, 1820 -- 11 March, 1875) Longyear was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Shandaken, Ulster County, N.Y., Longyear moved to Michigan in 1844 and studied law. Longyear was admitted to the bar in 1846 and practiced law until he was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth and Thirty-ninth Congresses. Later, Longyear participated in Michigan's State constitutional convention in 1867. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Michigan Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Michigan Delegation (This negotiation)
Rowland E. Trowbridge Visualize "(June 18, 1821 -- April 20, 1881) Rowland Ebenezer Trowbridge was a farmer, public servant, and an American politician. Trowbridge was born in Horseheads, Chemung County, New York and moved with his parents in 1821 to Oakland County, Michigan. He served as a member of the State senate from 1856 to 1860 and was a Commissioner of Indian Affairs in 1880 and 1881. He was elected as a Republican to the 37th, 39th, and 40th Congresses (March 4, 1861 - March 3, 1863 & March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1869). He was not elected to 38th Congress and 41st Congress. During his time as a congressman he served as a chairman on the Committee on Agriculture (40th Congress). [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=T000385]" Michigan Delegation (This negotiation) , Michigan Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Michigan Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
Charles Upson Visualize (19 March, 1821 -- 5 September, 1855) Upson was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Southington, Conn., Upson studied law at the Yale Law School in 1844 and moved to Michigan in 1845. Upson was a member of the State senate in 1855 and 1856 and was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth, and Fortieth Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Michigan Delegation (This negotiation) , Michigan Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Michigan Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)