The Road to Civil War

Martin F. Conway

(November 19, 1827 — February 15, 1882) Martin Franklin Conway, a Representative from Kansas; born at ``Bretons Hill,'' near Fallston, Harford County, Md., November 19, 1827; received a liberal schooling; moved to Baltimore, Md., in 1843; learned the art of printing and became an organizer of the National Typographical Union; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1852 and commenced practice in Baltimore; moved to Kansas in 1853 and continued the practice of law; also an agent in Kansas for the Massachusetts Abolition Society; member of the first legislative council July 2, 1854; member of the Kansas Free State convention in 1855; chief justice of the supreme court under the Topeka constitution of provisional government in 1856 and 1857; president of the Leavenworth constitutional convention of 1858; upon the admission of Kansas as a State into the Union was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Congresses and served from January 29, 1861, to March 3, 1863; member of the peace convention of 1861 held in Washington, D.C., in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war; appointed by President Johnson United States consul at Marseilles, France, on June 10, 1866, and served until April 16, 1869, when he retired from public life because of ill health; returned to Washington, D.C., where he died February 15, 1882; interment in Rock Creek Cemetery. [Source: “Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774 - Present,” available at]

Member of Kansas Delegation - The Road to Civil War [this display].

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