An amendment to the Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal rights, both civil and legal, to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated by the thirteenth amendment.
Quill platform ID: p8202.
"(October 16, 1831 -- June 18, 1909) Sidney Clarke was a publisher, soldier, railroad builder, and American politician. Clarke was born in Southbridge, Worcester County, Massachusetts and moved to Lawrence, Kansas in 1859. He published the Southbridge Press in 1854. He enlisted as a volunteer during the Civil War. He was appointed assistant adjutant general of Volunteers by President Lincoln (February 9, 1863), was a captain, and assistant provost marshal general for Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, and Dakota. He was a member of the State house of representatives in 1879, where he served as speaker. He served as the chairman of the statehood executive committee in Oklahoma. Sidney was also part of the Territorial Council of Oklahoma from 1898-1902. He was elected as a Republican to the 39th, 40th, and 41st Congresses (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1871), where he served as chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs (41st Congress). He was not re-elected in 1870. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=C000470]"
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