Twelve articles of amendment to the Constitution, introduced in September 1789 by Congress.
This is one of the 12 delegations in the convention, accounting for 13 of 92 people who took part.
|Theodorick Bland||Visualize||(21 March 1741 – 1 June 1790) Soldier, Representative in the Continental Congress and the U.S. House of Representatives, planter, and physician. After a brief career as a soldier, Bland represented Virginia in the Continental Congress, in the House of Delegates, and at the Virginia convention for ratifying the U.S. Constitution. He was then elected to the House of Representatives as an Antifederalist.||Virginia Delegation (This negotiation) , Virginia Delegation (United States Bill of Rights 1789 (2021 Edition))|
|John Brown||Visualize||(12 September 1757 – 28 August 1837) Lawyer and Congressman for Virginia. While Kentucky was still a district of Virginia, Brown represented Kentucky in the Virginia Senate. He went on to serve on the Continental Congress and the First Congress of the United States. He contributed to the development and formation of the State of Kentucky, which he represented as one of its first senators. [‘Brown, John’, American National Biography; ‘John Brown (Kentucky)’, Wikipedia]||Virginia Delegation (This negotiation) , Virginia Delegation (United States Bill of Rights 1789 (2021 Edition))|
|Isaac Coles||Visualize||(2 March 1747 – 3 June 1813) Planter and U.S. Representative. Following his role as a colonel in the Virginia militia during the Revolutionary War, Coles was elected as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates. He attended the state convention for the ratification of the U.S. Constitution, which he opposed. He later served in the House of Representatives from 1789 to 1797. [‘Isaac Coles’, Wikipedia]||Virginia Delegation (This negotiation) , Virginia Delegation (United States Bill of Rights 1789 (2021 Edition))|
|William Branch Giles||Visualize||(12 August 1762 – 4 December 1830), U.S. Senator, Governor of Virginia, and political writer. Four years after studying law under George Wythe, Giles was elected to Congress where he served alongside James Madison in the House of Representatives. He played an important role in setting up the Republican party to oppose the Federalists. He left Congress after the passing of the Alien and Sedition Acts, but returned in 1800. He was elected to the Senate in 1804 as a leader of the Republican party. Throughout his career, he gained a reputation for being critical of people in executive positions. After his retirement from Congress, he wrote political essays. He later served as governor of Virginia. [‘Giles, William Branch’, American National Biography]|
|William Grayson||Visualize||(1736–12 March 1790) Soldier, lawyer, and U.S. Senator. After taking up law, Grayson served in the Virginia Convention in 1775 and then as a colonel of infantry in the army. He proceeded to Congress in 1784, where he was acting president. He backed the Northwest Ordinance, including a provision that made slavery illegal in the Northwest Territory. An Antifederalist and champion of Virginia's prominence amongst the states, he opposed the ratification of the Constitution. He also served on the First Congress but died while on vacation between sessions. In his will, he emancipated all of his slaves born after the Declaration of Independence.|
|Samuel Griffin||Visualize||(20 April 1746 – 23 November 1810) Lawyer and U.S. Representative. During the Revolutionary War, Griffin served in the Continental Army as a colonel and as an aide-de-camp to General Charles Lee. For one year during the war, he was mayor of Williamsburg, Virginia. After the war, he served on the board of War and was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates. He also served on the First, Second, and Third United States Congresses.|
|Richard Bland Lee||Visualize||(January 20, 1761 – March 12, 1827) Plantation owner, jurist, a planter, and member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Son of Henry Lee, Richard Bland Lee began his career in the Virginia House of Delegates and was present at the state convention for the ratification of the Constitution, which he supported. He also served on the First, Second, and Third Congresses.|
|Richard Henry Lee||Visualize||(20 January 1733 – 19 June 1794) Revolutionary, member of the Continental Congress, and U.S. senator. Member of the Lee family, a historically influential family in Virginia politics. Richard Henry Lee is best known for the Lee Resolution, the motion in the Second Continental Congress that called for the colonies' independence from Great Britain. He also served as President of the Congress of the Confederation and was a U.S. Senator.|
|James Madison||Visualize||(5 March 1751 – 28 June 1836) Planter, slaveholder, essayist, legislator, and President of the USA. Born the son of a leading planter, he secured election into the Virginia Convention, which produced the independent state, its new constitution, and the Virginia Declaration of Rights. He then joined the state legislature and the Confederation Congress. A principal proponent of the Constitutional Convention, he was also the author of the Virginia Plan, a faithful Convention attendee, a dedicated notetaker, and one of the Convention's most active speakers. He also authored several of the ‘Federalist Papers’ in defence of the new Constitution. He was a Representative for Virginia in the new U.S. Congress and a leading figure in the creation of the Bill of Rights. He was later U.S. Secretary of State and then President.||Virginia Delegation (United States Constitutional Convention 1787 (2016 Edition)) , Virginia Delegation (United States Bill of Rights 1789 (2021 Edition)) , Virginia Delegation (U.S. Constitutional Convention 1787 (2021 Edition)) , Virginia Delegation (This negotiation) , Virginia Delegation (U.S. Constitutional Convention 1787 (2019 Edition))|
|Andrew Moore||Visualize||(1752 – 24 May 1821) Lawyer, U.S. Representative, and Senator. Moore served as a lieutenant during the Revolutionary War and was afterwards elected to the Virginia House of Delegates. He was also a delegate to the state convention on the ratification of the U.S. Constitution, which he supported. He later served on the first four United States Congresses. Two years after leaving Congress, Moore returned to the Virginia House of Delegates to oppose the Alien and Sedition Acts passed by the Fifth Congress. He was later elected to the Eighth Congress, but served only a short time before taking up a vacancy in the Senate.|
|John Page||Visualize||(17 April 1743 – 11 October 1808) Member of the U.S. House, planter, and revolutionary leader. After serving as vice president of the Committee of Safety and as a militia leader during the Revolutionary War, Page was elected to the First Congress of the United States and, later, to the governorship pf Virginia.|
|Josiah Parker||Visualize||(11 May 1751 – 11 March 1810) Member of the U.S. House of Representatives and farmer. During the Revolutionary War, Parker served as a member of the Continental Army, where he reached the rank of colonel of the Virginia Regiment. After resigning from the army in July 1778, he became a member of the Virginia House of Delegates. Reluctant to relinquish Virginia's power by ratifying the Constitution, Parker ran for delegate of the Virginia Convention in 1788. He later served on the First through the Sixth United States Congresses. He was the first national legislator in American history to formally introduce an antislavery motion in Congress.|
|Alexander White||Visualize||(1738 – 19 September 1804) Lawyer, landowner, and member of U.S. House of Representatives. White was a member of the Williamsburg House of Burgesses for Hampshire County. As a Scottish Presbyterian, given the colonial government's support of the Church of England, he was a staunch advocate for the separation of church and state. He is said to be the first person to introduce legislation regarding freedom of religion. White was also a member of the state convention to ratify the U.S. Constitution, and it is believed that he published several essays in support of ratification under the pseudonym 'An Independent Freeholder.' Later, he served in the House of Representatives for the first two Congresses. His slaves were released after his death.|